Types Of

Introduction
Abuse comes in many different forms. For instance, there is sexual abuse, spousal abuse, bullying, and hazing are all types of abuse. Animal abuse is another major problem in society which is often overlooked. Abuse is defined as cruel and violent treatment of a person or animal. For many years, these abuses have been portrayed around the world. These abusive actions are very damaging to the victims. They live their lives in fear and their feeling of security is diminished. This also includes animals. It makes them afraid and very insecure. All types of abuse can destroy families and can even lead to death in some cases. It destroys families, relationships, and friendships. Trust then becomes a big issue.
Breadth of Knowledge …show more content…
Statistics do not take into account how many men and women are abused worldwide. This type of abuse is known as assault or battery or both. Assault is the attempt or threat to inflict bodily harm on another person. Battery is defined as the intentional infliction of harmful or offensive bodily contact (de Carmen, 2014). The difference between assault and battery is that assault is generally menacing conduct that results in a person’s fear of imminently receiving battery (de Carmen, 2014).Types Of Abuse In Families Essay
In 2001, domestic violence made up twenty percent of all nonfatal violent acts against women. In 2000, about 1200 women were killed by an intimate partner. This number made up about 33 percent of female murder victims (Grovert. 2008). Abused women have reported being told to leave the family home with their children immediately or risk them being taken into the custody of someone else. This often forces them to move away from their families and community support networks, putting them into insecure housing (Butler, 2014). This also puts them in harm’s way because they have no one to count on in case they need help. They are alone in an unknown territory with their children with no resources, having to start all over again. This is also traumatic for the children. They have to leave their friends and everything they felt was secure. Any situation in which you are forced to participate in or degrading sexual activity is sexual abuse (Smith & Segal, 2014). Types Of Abuse In Families Essay

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There are several different types of abuse and each type affects people differently. There is child abuse and spousal abuse, but there is also physical and mental abuse. This paper will go over each type of abuse, how the abuse affects the person, how people can recover from abuse, and just some general information.

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In this piece of work I am going to be discussing the issues of child abuse and the impact it may have on the child at present and later on in life. Child Abuse is a type of violence that could leave a child physically and emotional scarred for life. This doesn’t have to occur in just one type of environment but it can also take place in many other kinds such as living with a single parent, adoptive parents, grandparents or in the care of another family member. The definition of child abuse is anything that puts a child at harm or puts them at risk of being harmed. There are several types of abuse which include emotional, physical and sexual to name a few. In order to know for sure, if a child has been abused there is certain warning signs that one must look for before jumping to conclusions, these can include sudden drug taking, weird behaviour, different behaviour at school and possible suicide attempt. In the today’s world almost one in five have experienced serious sexual abuse, physical abuse, or extreme physical or emotional neglect at some point within their lifetime and One in 14 children in the UK being physically abused. On average, every week in the UK, at least one child is killed by another person as said by the ‘NSPCC’.
Child abuse has a long history and Children have been subject to abuse by their parents or other adults since presumably the beginning of time. For many centuries the laws have failed to protect children from abuse and children under English common law were known as the property of their fathers, as women were property of their husbands, until the late 1800s. The first case of child abuse was believed to have been uncovered in Egypt, when the find was made in a cemetery and is the earliest record of child abuse. The child found was believed to have been around 2000 years old and showed signs of repeatedly broken bones and believed to have being shaken repeatedly.Types Of Abuse In Families Essay  This kind of abuse still happens today and can have life changing effects for the poor children.
Both boys and girls suffer abuse and can be more than just broken bones, it can have a real impact on their school life, home life and their ability to trust anyone. Taking a look at emotional abuse, this as ‘Jan Howath’ ,2007 says it could be people such as mum, dad or carer that fail to interact with the child and do not provide any physical or emotional affection to develop the child’s sense of self worthy and positive identity’. Things are also said to the child like ‘Their no good at anything’ or they will face continuous yelling and shouting and possibly even exposing the child to violence or the others that are being abused by themselves .Whether it be the abuse of a parent or a sibling. Emotional abuse can also involve deliberately trying to scare or humiliate them, this type of abuse says the ‘NSPCC’ could lead younger children or babies to be over affectionate with people they don’t really know or haven’t met for very long, lack confidence, bed wetting or become wary/anxious and in some cases the child could become nasty to other children or pets. Older children tend to use foul language or act in a way you wouldn’t expect them to know for their age. They also tend to struggle with controlling strong emotions, have extreme outbursts, seem isolated from their parents and lack social skills or have few friends if they have any at all.
Physical abuse according to the ‘NSPCC’ is deliberately hurting a child causing injuries such as bruises and broken bones which isn’t accidental and children who are physically abused suffer violence such as being hit, poisoned, kicked, slapped, burnt or having objects thrown at them but in some cases Shaking or hitting babies can cause non-accidental head injuries also. Sometimes parents or carers will make up or cause the symptoms of illness in their child, perhaps giving them medicine unnecessarily and purposely making the child unwell ‘ this is known as fabricated or induced illness. Physical symptoms can also include bruises, burns or scolds, fractured or broken bones, bites and scratches. This could lead children to not do as well at school or education, criminal behaviour, drug and alcohol problems, bedwetting and drug and alcohol problems. Showing a lot of love and reassurance along with a safe environment can help victims to deal with these problems more easily.Types Of Abuse In Families Essay
Then there is sexual abuse, as said in safeguarding by Jenine Lindon, 2007 the majority of identified sexual abusers are male, but there has been increasing awareness that sexual abuse by women happens and has been underestimated. Most abusers are known to the children who they abuse because they are a family friend, a relative or a trusted person who has access to children. Abduction and sexual assault by total strangers is very rare by comparison. A child’s compliance and silence about the sexual abuse may be coerced through various means by the adult, and sometimes the adolescent who abusers peers younger children. Abusers may also directly threaten to hurt the child or someone they care for dearly (parent or pet). Abusers may also claim that nobody will believe the child or that people will blame and despise the child. The abuser will also try bribing with gifts and sweets in order for them to keep quiet and in a lot of case children do. Lastly some abusers work to convince children that what there’re doing is acceptable or normal or that it is an activity within the family or between people who supposedly care for each other. This could also have a big effect on a child life including not doing so well at school, bedwetting, attempted suicide, refusing to eat and wanting to be alone more often.Types Of Abuse In Families Essay
As they state on the website ‘GOV.CO.UK’ Safeguarding was introduced and is a term which is broader than ‘child protection’ and relates to the action the commission take to promote the welfare of children and protect them from any harm. Safeguarding is everyone’s responsibility. Safeguarding is defined in Working together to safeguard children 2013 as protecting children from maltreatment, preventing impairment of children’s health and development, making sure that children grow up in environments consistent with the provision of safe and effective care and, taking action to enable all children to have the best outcomes. The trustees of charities which work with vulnerable groups of people, including children and must always act in within their best interests to ensure they take all the reasonable steps to prevent harm coming to them. Having safeguards in place within an organisation not only protects and promotes the welfare of children but also it enhances the confidence of trustees, volunteers, staff, parents/carers and the public. The necessity to safeguard children applies both to charities in other countries and in the UK where children may face different or additional risks of exploitation or abuse. These safeguards should include a child protection policy and procedures for dealing with issues of concern or abuse and for the purposes of child protection legislation the term ‘child’ refers to anyone up to the age of 18 years.
According to ‘keepingthechildrensafe.org.uk’ it is impossible to measure the true magnitude of violence against children worldwide. There is a lack of data on the exact number of child victims because so much happens in secret and is not reported. However, between 500 million and 1.5 billion children are estimated to experience violence yearly. In each year as many as 275 million children worldwide are estimated to witness domestic violence. Even though the family home should be the natural environment for protection of children, it can also be a place where children experience violence in the form of discipline. Data and statistics from 37 countries shows that 86 per cent of children 2’14 years old experience physical punishment and/or psychological aggression and Two out of three children are subject to physical punishment. Certain groups of children are particularly vulnerable to violence, including children belonging to minority groups, children living on the streets, children with disabilities, refugee, and adolescents in conflict with the law and displaced and migrating children. Generally for some reason boys tend to be at greater risk of physical violence and girls face a bigger risk of neglect, exploitation and sexual violence.Types Of Abuse In Families Essay
As said by the ‘NSPCC’ there are currently over 92,000 children in care in the UK and more than half of children are taken into care because of abuse or neglect. The number of children in care has been increasing over the past few years with the numbers increasing every year. 1 in 20 children in the UK have been sexually abused and 1 in 3 children sexually abused by an adult did not tell anyone. Over 90% of sexually abused children were abused by someone they knew, Over 2,700 children were identified as needing protection from sexual abuse last year and 16% of contacts to the NSPCC’s helpline last year were concerns about sexual abuse. Over 18,600 children and young people talked to Child Line last year about sexual abuse and Over 1,000 young people talked to Child Line last year about online sexual abuse. More than 23,000 sexual offences against children were recorded in the UK last year as well as Over 5,500 sexual offences recorded against children under 11 last year. Nearly 30,000 registered sex offenders have offended against children, One third of sexual offences recorded by the police are against children and child sexual abuse costs the UK ??3.2bn a year. The NSPCC’s helpline has responded to over 7,300 contacts and calls about sexual abuse last year.Types Of Abuse In Families Essay
Conclusion
As you can see child abuse can affect people in many ways which cause psychological and emotional problems such as bed wetting, being over affectionate with people they have not known very long and not doing so well at school. It also proves that it not necessarily a stranger that carries out the abuse, but can also be family or family friends. With the right kind of social support, including love, therapy and a good environmental children are able to cope with and sometimes overcome childhood traumas, make multiple attachments and develop socially building sustainable relationships. You can also see the different types of abuse that the abusers carry out, every type being different but affecting the victims near enough in the same way. However you can see that we have some very good charities in the UK such as the NSPCC which offer a lot of help and information to victims and people who are concerned for another’s welfare and what to do if you think someone is being abused. The horrifying statistics show just how many victims there are from abuse and the law needs to be changed in some way to get these numbers lowered drastically.

I would like to start out with the basic definition of abuse; it is defined as anything that is harmful, injurious, or offensive to a person animal or for that matter the environment. There are three main types of abuse I’m going to talk about today the first is physical abuse such as pushing, shoving or hitting and kicking. The next is sexual abuse this may be inappropriate touching, molestation, or even rape. And last but probably the most common is verbal/mental abuse. This consists of verbal put-downs, i.e., you’re stupid you’re worthless, one person purposely humiliating another, domination and control, or even withdrawal of affections. If nothing else I really hope you remember abuse is never the victims fault, never ever.
Mental abuse really does exist. It may be something as simple, as a parent telling you that you’re lazy. To watching your father beat your mother or sibling. Mental abuse is connected to physical abuse. If you’re a victim of physical abuse you are also a victim of mental abuse. However you do not have to be physically abused to be mentally abused. Mental abuse can cause just as much damage as physical abuse or sexual abuse. In fact, it may even cause more because physical abuse will heal. Mental abuse is not something that you can see like a broken bone. Because it is invisible most people don’t see is as a sever problem but the truth is that almost everyone has been mentally abused at one point or another.Types Of Abuse In Families Essay
One sub-category of mental abuse is verbal abuse. If you go to school you most definitely have been verbally abused. (That also means that unless you are the virgin marry you have been at the other end of the spectrum and verbally abused another person.) Now ask your self why did you do it and who were you around when you made fun of that person. Maybe you said it because you had been made fun of at an earlier time for the same thing maybe not.

To start off I will discuss spousal abuse and its affect on people. Surveys in the US and Canada have shown each year about 12 percent of all spouses push, grab, shove or slap their partner and one to three percent use more extreme violence (Dutton, 1992; Straus & Gelles, 1990). Also you need to keep in mind that these surveys depend on self-reporting and young adults who are low-income or immigrants usually don’t take the…show more content…
Patriarchal terrorism can become even more extreme the longer the relationship lasts. Every time an act of abuse occurs it helps the man’s feeling of control and adds to the woman’s feeling of helplessness. There are two main reasons why a woman stays in a systematically abusive relationship. The first reason being she has been conditioned to the abuse step by step and the second reason is she has been isolated from those who might encourage her to leave (Berger, 2003). If the couple does have children they can be taken “hostage” by the man if the woman threatens to leave.Types Of Abuse In Families Essay  In a patriarchal terrorism relationship the woman cannot break the cycle of abuse on her own. The recognization of this type of abuse has led law enforcement agencies to have a tougher approach to dealing with these situations. Serious abuse has been found to be more common in younger couples in common-law marriages. The primary prevention that would help decrease abuse in the long run would be educating children about abuse. Also counteracting the poverty and deprivation that underlies abuse and treating alcohol abuse would help in decreasing the amount of abuse (Berger, 2003). The 1999 General Social Survey on Victimization that was done in Canada produced a insight to the extent of spousal abuse in Canada. There were 26,000 men and women who have suffered some soft of spousal abuse that participated in this survey. The survey showed that the violence experienced by women was usually

NOW

Child abuse is known to be one of the major problems which drive an attention of the nation. Many organizations had been founded because of this issue. In modern society, it takes different forms and includes psychological and physical abusing treatment of children. In The Federal Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act (CAPTA), (42 U.S.C.A. §5106g) the child abuse is defined as:

“Any recent act or failure to act on the part of a parent or caretaker which results in death, serious physical or emotional harm, sexual abuse or exploitation; or an act or failure to act which presents an imminent risk of serious harm.” ( Child Welfare Information Gateway, 2013)Types Of Abuse In Families Essay

According to statistical data, more than 7 million children in 2001 were reported to CPS (Child Protective Service) agencies and other official organizations to be the victims of child neglect or abuse, and more than a million of such cases were confirmed and investigated. (Potts & Mandleco, 2007). Additionally, it was found out that in most cases the abusive actions were registered from parents or their friends, or other family members.

In this essay paper on child abuse effects and causes, I will examine types of child abuse and examples and consequences of child abuse.

Child abuse cases can be subdivided into four forms: physical abuse, neglect, sexual abuse and emotional abuse. According to the latest researches, the most common abuse type is neglect. Neglect means that caregivers or parents fail to provide sufficient attention and care to their children. Usually ignoring is noticed when a child is dressed in dirty or old clothes, lacks of hygiene, frequently absent at school, ill with no medical assistance and isolated from others. Neglect is usually reported by the people who are close to the child: teachers, doctors, nurses or neighbors. There are three forms of negligence: physical, emotional and educational.Types Of Abuse In Families Essay

Physical neglect is the most widely noticed among children. Physical neglect is represented by careless actions of parents, including not providing adequate food, clothes, the place to live, medical care or treatment. Emotional neglect lies in inattention to child’s emotional needs, like support, communication, love, refusal to provide a psychological or medical assistance when a child with mental problems needs it, expect from the child more than he can in his age or development level. Educational neglect connected with parents’ refusal to provide essentially for the child learning: frequent absence at school or failure to enroll a child in school.

Physical abuse is the second type of abuse. It is connected with a noticeable physical effect on the child. Usually, it is related to children punishment when they are doing something wrong, but there are a lot of registered cases of physical abuse without any apparent reason. Physical abuse is often reported by doctors and teachers, on rare occasions by neighbors who notice different signs of severe physical injuries on the child body.Types Of Abuse In Families Essay

Emotional abuse is the third type of child abuse, and it is very hard to identify this sort of ill-treatment. It occurs when parents are ignoring their child, isolating it from others, assaulting child, rejected his/her value or request, expect from child more than she/he can provide. As a result of emotional abuse, a child can have speech problems, physical development lags, disruptive or hyperactive behavior.

Sexual abuse is the fourth type of child abuse, and the least frequency reported type. It is connected with forcing the child to different sexual activities, including different kind of sexual contacts and manipulations with genitals, either adults’ or child.’ A child who is experiencing this type of abuse will show different physical disorders and signs, not normal for his or her age.

It is important to understand causes of child abuse to prevent it. According to the specialists in this area, there are three causes of child abuse: environmental causes, child problems, and parental causes. Familial causes are usually connected with young parents, who more likely will neglect child’s needs either then take care of him/her. In this group, we can also include parents who suffered from abuse and violence in their childhood and can reproduce only such behavior. Also, some parents are not differentiating discipline from physical abuse and trying to use violent methods to teach children right things. And the last subgroup parents with different psychological disorders, which are not able to make right decisions themselves.Types Of Abuse In Families Essay

Ecological causes are connected with alcohol and drug usage by parents or relatives. Drunk parents are not able to think about their children’s needs. Another environmental cause is poverty. People who are poor and don’t have much money are not able to provide their children with needed care, things, education. Parents with marriage problems or divorced couples can hate their children because they changed the life of the couple, this usually leads to emotional abuse. Abusive mothers don’t care about their kids and annoy them. In the majority of cases, abusive parents expect their children to make them happy. And if a child is not able to meet such demands, parents start physically abuse their children.

The last cause of child abuse is child problems. They are usually connected with child psychological or physical disorder. It is very difficult to take care of such child, and some parents are ignoring this child needs which results in an abuse of child’s rights.

It doesn’t matter what causes child abuse; each case affects a child in some way. The end effect of child abuse depends on its type: some of them have physical signs, and all of them have psychological results. According to the studies, the most harmful effect on the child has sexual and emotional abuse. The effects of child abuse depend on its type and can be divided to long term effects and short term. Short term effects of abuse can be registered quickly and can include signs of injuries, aggressiveness, fear of going home, fear of parents, isolation in class, difficulty in speech and communication and many others effects of child maltreatment.Types Of Abuse In Families Essay

As for long-term effects of child abuse, it is almost not possible to register them. Usually, they appear in adult age if the individual has not got medical and psychological help. Such effects can include difficulties in relationships, unexplained fear, depression, and anxiety. These effects can result in alcohol and drug addiction, in rare cases suicide.

In the end, I can say for sure that child abuse is a worldwide problem. There are four different types of abuse which include sexual abuse, emotional abuse, physical abuse and neglect. The leading causes of child abuse can be divided into three groups: parent, environment, and child problems. Based on causes and type of abuse child can be affected physically and emotionally, additionally, there will be issues with social development and adaptation. It is critical to detect the signs of child abuse on early stages and save the child from after-effects.Types Of Abuse In Families Essay

Types of Abuse
Verbal: They may verbally abuse them by calling them names, tell them they are stupid, have no worth or will not amount to anything on their own.
Physical: They may become physically violent, inflicting pain, bruises, broken bones and other physical wounds (visible and hidden both).
Sexual: They may rape or sexually assault their victims.
Negligence: Alternatively they may neglect dependent victims, disavowing any responsibilities they may have towards those victims, and causing damage through lack of action rather than through a harmful, manipulative action itself.
Abuse is a commonplace event in modern times, taking on many different forms, including physical, sexual, emotional, and verbal abuse, occurring in many different contexts, including the home (domestic violence, spouse rape, incest), the workplace (sexual harassment), and in institutional (elder abuse, bullying) and religious and community (hate crime) settings. It touches victims across the lifespan from children through elders. Abuse is a serious social and cultural problem affecting everyone whether as a victim of abuse, a perpetrator, a friend or confidant of an abused person looking for ways to be helpful, or simply as someone who is angered by injustice and wants to work for positive change.Types Of Abuse In Families Essay

If you are currently being abused, or have been abused in the past, you should know that you do not suffer alone. Right now millions of people around the world struggle to maintain dignity, safety and self-worth in the face of ongoing abuse. Millions more people struggle to recover from wounds they have sustained during past abuse. You should also know that help is available for victims of abuse, although it is not always easy to access. Community abuse resources (such as domestic violence shelters), mental health professionals, law enforcement, and various other organizations, websites and printed resources can provide instruction and assistance for people who need help removing themselves from abusive situations.

Victims of abuse often find themselves dealing with serious psychological and physical consequences of having been abused. There are various forms of counseling, psychotherapy, medical and self-help resources available for people who have been abused and want assistance and support for managing problems and issues they have developed as a result of being abused Such post-abuse issues are sometimes called ‘abuse sequela’ by health professionals. While no therapy is capable of erasing the effects of abuse, such resources can provide real and meaningful assistance in helping to minimize the negative effects of abuse. Helpful abuse-related resources can be found throughout this document, in the appendix of abuse-related resources provided at the end of this document, and in the lists of other (non-document) resources collected within this abuse topic center.Types Of Abuse In Families Essay

Some people aren’t sure if they are being or have been abused. They may know that they have been harmed, but they may think that they deserved that harm, for instance, or perhaps think instead that some degree of harm is acceptable or reasonable, or just inevitable. Though it is not possible for us to give you a definite answer to any questions you may have about what is abuse and what is not abuse, consider that people who haven’t been abused don’t tend to spend much time wondering whether they have been abused, while a many people who have been abused (or are being abused) do wonder about it. If you are upset enough to wonder about it, it is likely (although not definite) that you have been abused. We’ll explore the definition of abuse in greater detail later in this document. Types Of Abuse In Families Essay

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