The Role of The Public Health Nurse Essay

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Public health nursing focuses on health promotion, community health services, public policy, and education. The role of the public health nurse is to provide clinical interventions, and teaching to communities, and the general public. Public health nurses work in a variety of settings including: home health/hospice care, community health clinics, schools, and even insurance companies. In public health, nurses may act as liaisons, advocates, and prevention specialists.

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As of now, my local county is offering drive-through Covid-19 testing at pharmacies, fire departments, closed elementary schools, and occupational health settings. Nurses are being recruited to work in this high demand area of Dallas, TX. This is just one of the many ways that public health nurses make health services accessible to communities.

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Public health is to protect health, prevent disease, and promote health and well-being in the community. It promotes healthy behaviors and prevent chronic disease.The Role of The Public Health Nurse Essay

I live in Los Angeles County, and they have 14 Public Health Centers. And they provide free and/or low-cost services to those with no insurance or regular health care provider, including immunizations and communicable disease testing and treatment. (Ferrer, n.d.) A specific public health center I have been to is called Hollywood/Wilshire Health Center. They provide TB testing and the treatments, STD treating and the treatment, and free immunizations to people of the communities.

The roal of public health nursing is to promote and protect the health of the population. This proactive approach does not limit their scope of practice to health concerns of individuals but also to developing and implementing programs and policies that help enhance the health of populations. The role of public health nurses is to focus on population centered care with the outcome of promoting health, preventing disability and disease, and improving the quality of life. An effective public health nurse is able to evaluate assessment data to define population diagnoses and set priorities accordingly. They can also serve as advocates for individuals and families in the population to develop policies, access resources The Role of The Public Health Nurse Essay
This in turn can facilitate population involvement and assist in development of a plan and its expected outcomes.
When public health nurses collaborate with individuals, the focus is on promoting awareness, behaviors, and values that maintain and improve health, with the ultimate goal being of bettering the overall health of the population. These actions are also essential when interacting with families and communities, where the aim is in promoting family and community standards, attitudes, knowledge, and behaviors that improve their overall health. So in order to have positive outcomes the public health nurses need to also consider how essential it is to work with clients as equal partners. (p Book 8). The public health nurse’s actions must enhance understanding and the need for widespread health planning in collaboration with communities and populations, focused upon the perceptions, priorities, and values of the population.

Public health nursing as a career is concerned with the general well-being of populations. The general role of a public health nurse is the promotion of the well-being of persons as far as health is concerned by use of the knowledge of nursing, social sciences, as well as public health sciences.The Role of The Public Health Nurse Essay
Due to the broadness of this role, public health nurses are expected to promote health in various categories which defines the individual roles of a public health nurse. Although the overall objective of the public health nursing profession is the promotion of the public health, the approaches employed by a public health nurse who works in a school environment differs form the roles of a public health nurse who works in a parish or in a health facility. The paper will examine the roles of public health nursing in schools and in the community.

The first role of a public health nurse in a school is to promote the overall health of the school population (Lancaster, 2008, pp 1043). A public health nurse who works in a school environment helps in the overall promotion of health by helping in health policy formulation at the school level.

This way, public health nurses in school environments as well as in other working environments provide vital inputs to all interdisciplinary programs tasked with the roles of evaluation, monitoring and anticipation of various health problems in order to formulate formidable responses to health challenges. The nurses are also expected to evaluate the environmental health challenges that may affect the area of operation.The Role of The Public Health Nurse Essay

Public health nurses in schools are also expected to promote children’s health through the observance of children’s behavior and further advice on the best approaches that can improve their health. Some of the practices that the public health nurses that work in schools are expected to accomplish includes the coordination of immunization programs both at school level and to coordinate with local communities to ensure that the children who are of the school going age are immunized.

School based public health nurses are usually employed by school districts or by other relevant school management board. However, the use of school district as the principal employing unit is higher than it is done by other employers. School-based nurses can also be staffed through the family nurse practitioner program. The main mission of all organizations that hires school based community health nurses is to improve the overall health positions of the school going children (Lundy & Janes, 2009, pp 76).The Role of The Public Health Nurse Essay

Another category of community health nurse is the community oriented nurse and consultant. Community-oriented nurse and consultant have the role of a change agent. They are also expected to offer their advice to various stakeholders to ensure that the community is running in a way that is agreeable to the goals of community health nursing (Lancaster, 2008, pg 1017).

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It is the role of a public health nurse in the community to promote the application of health sciences as well as the knowledge of social sciences through relevant interventions (Lancaster, 2008, pg 1012). They also integrate their community of practice into programs that would promote their understanding of health issues especially by the aid of family experiences. As change agents, they champion the desired change at their community of practice hence promoting the overall well-being of the society.The Role of The Public Health Nurse Essay

The organization that registers community health nurses is the American Public Health Association where aspiring members are expected to complete the relevant courses, pass the entry exams and pay the required subscription amount for membership. Once a person joins, he/she is expected to adhere to the codes of professional conduct of the organization and remain professional while offering services.

Currently, the organization has over 50,000 health professions. It also boasts as the oldest organization of health professionals. The vision of this organization is to have “A Healthy Global Society” while its mission is to “Improve the health of the public and achieve equity in health status” (American Public Health Association, 2011 para 3 and 4).The Role of The Public Health Nurse Essay

In conclusion, it is evident that public health nurses play a vital role in the promotion of overall health of the populations. Although the overall objective of public health nurses is to improve the overall health of the populations, each category of health nurses has its own area of interest which makes the approaches employed by each of the approaches different. The subdivision of public health nursing is vital in that it helps in the overall performance of the public health nurses.The Role of The Public Health Nurse Essay

The roal of public health nursing is to promote and protect the health of the population. This proactive approach does not limit their scope of practice to health concerns of individuals but also to developing and implementing programs and policies that help enhance the health of populations. The role of public health nurses is to focus on population centered care with the outcome of promoting health, preventing disability and disease, and improving the quality of life. An effective public health nurse is able to evaluate assessment data to define population diagnoses and set priorities accordingly. They can also serve as advocates for individuals and families in the population to develop policies, access resources, and protect their dignity. Most importantly the nurse should be capable of providing care, respecting human dignity, be unbiased by concerns of social or economic status, personal attributes, or the nature of health problems.The Role of The Public Health Nurse Essay

Population Diagnosis and Priorities

Public health nursing is a practice that focuses on promoting and enhancing health of populations through the nursing knowledge, critical thinking, and disease or disability prevention. An effective public health nurse can also evaluate and gather data through an assessment that functions to formulate a diagnosis for the population and setting priorities. An assessment is derived from direct input from the population, data regarding access and use of health services, preventive and health promotion factors, risk factors, and basic nursing and public health skills. Public health nurses engage in research that enhances public health nursing practice and document the outcomes of specific activities and strategies.The Role of The Public Health Nurse Essay

A community can be described as a group of individuals that possess a common attribute or interest and living together within a geographical boundary or territory.
community health nursing was defined by WHO Expert committee on Nursing as that special field of nursing which combines the skills of nursing, public health and certain phases f social assistance and functions as part of the total public health program for the promotion of health, the improvement of conditions in the social and physical environment, rehabilitation of illness and disability.
The goal of community health nursing is to raise the health standard of the citizenry by assisting individual families and communities as a whole to cope with threats to healthy living in a way as to maximize their potential for good and healthy living. Community health nursing is predicated on the recognition of the needs of individuals, families, groups and communities. It is the duty of the community health nurse to fully comprehend the totality of the objectives and policies of the community health agency she represents.The Role of The Public Health Nurse Essay
Community nursing care encompasses the care provided to individuals, families and groups wherever they live, work and play or go to school. Community based nursing is a philosophy of care which comprised of collaboration, continuity of care, client and family responsibility for self-care and preventive health. Community nursing has its focus on individual and family-oriented care. A partnership is developed with clients. Am awareness is also created on the impact of the influence of the community on health and the care of individuals and families. Community nursing is applicable to all nurses that practice nursing outside the confines of the hospital. They are involved in activities such as case management, patient education and advocacy for families and individuals. (WHO, 2010)The Role of The Public Health Nurse Essay

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Role in planning
The community health nurse can serve as a liaison between the community and health authorities in the area of planning by coordinating with other health programs such as environmental sanitation, health education, dental health and mental health. Because of closeness to the community, the community health nurse is able to provide information on the health needs of the community and by so doing, participate in designing health programs and formulating health policies for the government and other health agencies for onward implementation in the community. (WHO, 2010)
The community health nurse also collaborates with members of other professions and organizations and stakeholders in the community. The collaboration is ultimately towards the greater good of the community population as a whole. Moreover, the community health nurse must be equipped with up to date community health nursing knowledge and skills which are essential for the development of partnership with the representatives of the community, members of allied professions and stakeholders of community health as a whole(WHO, 2010)The Role of The Public Health Nurse Essay

Role in implementation
The community health nurse practices the promotion and protection of the health of the entire community. This is done by utilizing her academic knowledge and the community’s experimental knowledge to provide solutions for the health problems of the community. The interventions and programs must address the health conditions, risks, problems and resources in the community. (Senger 1998) The interventions must also be taking into cognizance the culture of the community so that such interventions are readily acceptable to the people of the community. The community health nurse is responsible for assessing the health conditions of the community, including health risks and problems to find out the health care demands of the people of the community. in doing this, such factors as the health problems and risks, the lifestyle and behavior of the community inhabitants, components of the environment that affect health and the availability and accessibility of health care services and care utilized. The community health nurse is also responsible for determining the social capital of the community, the community culture and identification of resources as key ingredients in the community health care system. (Senger 1998)The Role of The Public Health Nurse Essay

Role in evaluation
A community health nurse should have basic skills in epidemiology. With this working knowledge, the community health nurse would be able to determine the trend of health related parameters. This would enable the nurse to determine the impact of health programs and policies on the community. (WHO, 2010) The nurse would be able to objectively say, if the programs have been a success or otherwise and adjustments are made based on the data recorded. In conducting evaluation, information is shared among stakeholders to increase awareness about health risks and problems in the community. (Senger 1998) Also, assessment process is conducted concurrently with other functions throughout the course of the interventions and programs. Assessment also involves the identification of the health care demands of the community in terms of individuals, families, groups and the community as a whole. Collection of information which is up to date about the perspectives and experiences of the people of the community is also part of the job description of the community health nurse.The Role of The Public Health Nurse Essay
In conclusion, the role of the community health nurse in the planning, implementation and evaluation of health services in a community is strategic in the provision of effective community health services to the community.

What Is Community Health Nursing?
Community health nursing is a discipline that incorporates evidenced-based research along with advances in science and new approaches for improving the health The practice takes into consideration the cultural and socioeconomic backgrounds of the people in the community to ensure appropriate interaction and sensitivity when working with them.

A community is a group of people in a specific location, which includes places where people live, work and go to school. Most people belong to multiple types of communities. Community health nursing is commonly practiced in geographic locations like cities and rural areas.

What Is the Goal of Community Health Nursing?
The goal of community health nursing is to promote, protect and preserve the health of the public. Community health nursing involves these basic concepts:The Role of The Public Health Nurse Essay

Promote healthy lifestyle
Prevent disease and health problems
Provide direct care
Educate community about managing chronic conditions and making healthy choices
Evaluate a community’s delivery of patient care and wellness projects
Institute health and wellness programs
Conduct research to improve healthcare
What Is the Role of a Community Health Nurse?
The primary role of community health nurses is to provide treatment to patients. Additionally, community health nurses offer education to community members about maintaining their health so that they can decrease the occurrence of diseases and deaths. They plan educational assemblies, hand -out fliers, conduct health screenings, dispense medications and administer immunizations.

Nurses also may distribute health-related items like condoms and pregnancy tests. Examples of some health issues that community health nurses try to control or eliminate are:The Role of The Public Health Nurse Essay

Infectious and sexually transmitted diseases
Obesity
Poor nutrition
Substance abuse
Smoking
Teen pregnancy
Where Do Community Health Nurses Work?
Community health nurses work in hospitals, community centers, clinics, schools and government health agencies. Community health nurses are important to regions where healthcare is not easily accessible, so they can travel to remote places and isolated areas of a city.

How Do You Become a Community Health Nurse?
To become a community health nurse you must first work as a registered nurse. If you only have an associate degree you might want to consider completing a Bachelor of Science in Nursing (BSN) degree program. Many schools like Northeastern State University (NSU) offer RN to BSN programs.The Role of The Public Health Nurse Essay

NSU has an online RN to BSN program that includes the course Community Health Nursing. This course examines the theory and research used in nursing and the public health practice, which promotes and preserves the health of communities. Students are given the opportunity to apply their current knowledge and what they learn in the course. They are paired with a community and other healthcare professionals to experience community health nursing.

Nursing care should be available to every American. Throughout the country, there are entire communities of people prone to chronic illnesses, infectious diseases and economic hardships. Community health nurses have the ability to improve the welfare of individuals and their communities. They are at the forefront of bringing quality patient care to the most vulnerable and underserved members of society.

While most nurses care for one patient at a time, public health nurses care for entire populations. By working with whole communities, public health nurses are able to educate people about health issues, improve community health and safety and increase access to care.The Role of The Public Health Nurse Essay

Public health nurses believe a person’s health is affected by many factors, including genetic makeup, lifestyle and environment. Instead of waiting for patients to come to the hospital with an illness, they go into communities to try and help people improve their health and prevent disease.

For people who don’t have access to care, public health nurses may also provide direct health care services, including preventive care, screening services and health education.

Public health nurses also:

Monitor health trends and identify health risk factors unique to specific communities
Set local priorities for health-related interventions to provide the greatest benefit to the most people
Advocate with local, state and federal authorities to improve access to health services for underserved communities
Design and implement health education campaigns and disease prevention activities, such as immunizations and screenings The Role of The Public Health Nurse Essay

Tell people about locally available health care programs and services to improve access to care
Educate and provide direct health care services to vulnerable and at-risk populations
Health education is a primary focus of public health nurses. Drawing on their training as registered nurses, public health nurses give people reliable, useful information about how to protect their health.The Role of The Public Health Nurse Essay

In presentations at schools, community groups, senior centers and other local groups, public health nurses explain proper nutrition, demonstrate effective safety practices, promote early detection of common diseases, tell people how to care for disabled or ill family members and inform people about other important health issues. Their goal is to make health information easy to understand, so people can take greater control over their well being.

In low-income and rural communities, public health nurses also provide critical health care services. They immunize schoolchildren, provide pre-natal and well-baby care and teach the elderly how to stay safe and healthy at home. They also must be able to recognize and respond to potential health crises.The Role of The Public Health Nurse Essay

Working Conditions | Academic Requirements | Resources
Working Conditions
Public health nurses often work for government agencies, nonprofit groups, community health centers and other organizations that aim to improve health at the community level. They may work alone or on multidisciplinary teams, and they often supervise other health care and lay personnel. In addition to working with communities, they work behind the scenes planning activities, managing budgets and evaluating the effectiveness of public health programs.

They may travel locally or across significant distances to meet with community groups and bring health care services into underserved communities. The Role of The Public Health Nurse Essay

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