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“Food is any substance consumed that humans or animals may eat or drink, with the primary purpose is the uptake of nutrients to nourish the body or for hobbies, including mainly the qualities: powder (carbohydrates), fats (lipids), protein (protein), or water.”

(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Food )

Eating is one of the essential needs of human activity and that is the main power supply. Each day, we eat a lot of different foods at different meals. A standard meal should have carbohydrates (rice, bread, and cereals), protein (meat, fish, eggs, milk) and fibber (vegetable, beans) …The food was good spirits help, interesting life; also; have more motivation to work and create positive relationships with people. Healthy food will help prevent many diseases, enhances longevity. A good food, which is nutritious, inexpensive and full of nutrients that will help us have more spirit and energy to learning, working and living more active. Therefore, delicious and nutritious food plays a very important role in our lives.State Of Affairs For Food In Vietnam Essay

“The meaning of food is a cultural discovery through food” (http://www.pbs.org/opb/meaningoffood/ ). In addition to play an important role in human life, food also contributes to participate in the different cultures in countries around the world, so what is the VN food culture and does it reflect people in VN? Let’s find out in the following paragraphs.State Of Affairs For Food In Vietnam Essay

Vietnamese food culture

Culture of Vietnamese cuisine is known for its characteristics such as sociability, diversity, low in fat; flavour with a combination of many types of reducers to improve the taste, attractive in the dish. Eating a tray and use chopsticks and special meal of rice is indispensable common practices of the people of Vietnam. Beside, cuisine also show spirit culture of Vietnamese. Culture in the spirit of the Vietnamese cuisine is an expression of beauty in cultural communication, the behaviour between people of the meal, to please each other through gentlemanly behaviour, education. The food has its own rules and practices, from self to family, relationships and society.

Vietnamese cuisine encompasses the foods and beverage of Vietnam, and features a combination of five fundamental taste elements in the overall meal. Each Vietnamese dishes has a distinctive flavour which reflects one or more of these elements. Common ingredients include fish sauce, shrimp paste, soy sauce, rice, fresh herbs, and fruits and vegetables. Vietnamese recipes use lemongrass, ginger, mint, cinnamon, bird’s eye chili, lime, and basil leaves. Traditional Vietnamese cooking is greatly admired for its fresh ingredients, minimal use of oil, and reliance on herbs and vegetables. “With the balance between fresh herbs, meats, and a selective use of spices to reach a fine taste, Vietnamese food is considered one of the healthiest cuisines worldwide, which is a prime reason for why it is quickly becoming popular in a more health-conscious society. The diaspora of whole communities, coupled with the forces of globalization and capitalism, have also helped to propel Vietnamese cuisine to the forefront of the culinary world.” (Thomas, 2004)

“Because Vietnam is a typical wet rice country, rice is strongly worshipped here. Visitors to Vietnam will surely maze with the number of dishes made from rice: steamed rice in daily meals, glutinous rice cake, rice noodle, rice vermin celli, steamed rice pancakes and many other ones. A common fish sauce bowl is also a very interesting image that can be seen in almost every meal of Vietnam people, representing Vietnamese solidarity. Two above are just some of many fascinating features of Vietnam food culture. It can be sure that discovering Vietnam food culture lets guests know much about people in this small beautiful country.”State Of Affairs For Food In Vietnam Essay

(http://www.vietnamtourism.org.vn/vietnam-cuisine/food-culture/)

The food safety

Food safety is simply understood as a science used to describe the handling, processing, preservation and storage of food by the method of prevention, disease prevention caused by food. Food safety also includes a number of routines, the processing operation should be done to avoid potential health risks seriously. Broad sense, hygiene and food safety are all issues that need processing involves ensuring food hygiene to ensure the health of consumers. This is a problem and a huge risk that the developing countries have been facing as Vietnam, China…

In developed countries, there are many complex standards and stricter for the processing, storage and consumption of food, while in the developing countries and least developed this standard is too low and the management issues of food safety and hygiene proved too loose, weak and society of those country daily face the risk of food poisoning, death every day for hours.

The current state of food in VN

In the past, Vietnam cuisine is famous for the traditional and typical dishes of the Vietnamese. Besides, the dishes of Vietnam is also considered one of the healthiest foods in the world. However, in recent years, gradually do street food become characteristic of Vietnamese culture. Vietnamese street food may be renowned for being tasty, but what is the truth behind these dishes? Does it still remain one of the healthiest cuisines worldwide? It is the truth that people only look at the outside and the taste of it but they do not pay any attention to problem that if it has caused harm to them or not. Indeed, there are some or the majority of street food in Vietnam do not ensure the safety of food or fraud in cooking. “Foods in Vietnam are not always safe as they look, especially in street small shops and vendors load. Since the price of materials rose up in recent years, many shops must reduce cost to maintain their profit. This leads to the decrease of safety rate in street foods”. (http://www.vietnamonline.com/az/food-safety-in-vietnam.html)State Of Affairs For Food In Vietnam Essay

Besides not keeping the food clean, there are a few other reasons to make food unsafe for eaters:

Vietnamese street food may be renowned for being tasty, but authorities have been unable to curb the unhygienic practices of vendors. People often use the non-originating materials because of their low price and guarantee high profits in the trade despite the harm it gives for others. Most of the materials is not clean or not safe is often originated from China, because everyone have already known about its harmful so sellers often hide information about the place of origin on imported goods. The concern is food accounts for most of the imported goods, foods can be faked by the harmful ingredients like rice made from plastic, squid made from rubber, dumpling made from cardboard, fake eggs etc.

(http://disinfo.com/2011/02/china-produces-rice-made-from-plastic/ )

“A report released by the American Chemical Society reveals that rice imported into the United States from China and other countries contains very high levels of lead.”

(http://www.naturalnews.com/039925_rice_lead_contamination_imported.html# )

In these days, the chemical industries is highly developed, but it was accompanied by the abuse of a part of inhabitants that lack of consciousness. The most obvious thing is that farmers use pesticides exceeded the permitted level, the next is the injection of chemicals into the fruits. All for the purpose of increasing productivity and lead to increased profits for farmers, now it’s hard to find a vegetable or fruit without pesticides or chemicals.

“Pesticides present real health risks, particularly to children and those with health concerns. The toxicity most commonly associated with pesticides in animal studies include disruptions in the normal functioning of the nervous and endocrine system, and increased risks of cancer.” State Of Affairs For Food In Vietnam Essay(http://www.drweil.com/drw/u/ALB00035/The-Dirty-Dozen-Foods-You-Should-Always-Buy-Organic.html )

Food additives, processing aids, food materials are tested in 2008 was 27,587,658 kg / 298 lots. The management of food safety for additives, processing aids, preservative substance is still inadequate: legal documents (legal normative) in particular is still lacking; less frequent in inspection, testing, handling violations; facilities, equipment inspection are limited. The purchase, use of additives, preservatives, enhancers processing food with unknown origin, out of the permitted list are commonly used in the production base of small business, handcrafted manufacturing variety of food additives does not guarantee the quality of food safety is still circulating in the market.

Besides pesticides and chemicals, the use of color and borax in cooking also cause unforeseen complications. The colorful dishes will get more attention and attraction to customers, because of this reason, sellers often use many ways to make their food more colorful such as using colourings. The colourings is divided into two main categories: synthetic colourings and natural colourings. Many people, especially in food processing establishments enjoy using chemical dyes because they often bring beautiful color to the dish, not flying colors during processing and make food haves eye-catching, attractive, do not easily broken. The foods contain artificial colors in the allowed list are able to use as a food additive by the Ministry of Health, below the permitted amount will cause no negative health effect. However, if you abuse the color, or pursue profits, the use of color outside the allowed list for processing food (especially synthetic dyes) will be very harmful, can cause poisoning acute, long-term accumulation can lead to cancer, such as the red chili sauce and melon seeds and so on. Moreover, some foods like rice noodle, pickles, grilled chopped meat are usually mixed with Foocmon and borax in order to preserve better and maintain the crispy, chewy. When people eat foods that have these chemicals, there will be some signs of illness such as digestive disorder, causing malnutrition and mental retardation in children, damage to liver cells, testicular atrophy, and become one of the cancer-causing agents.

The proportion of food service establishments, street food that is certified qualified food safety is still low (accounting for 16.5%), while the average rate in 2008 was granted a certificate of eligibility for food safety of the whole country for street foods is low (6.1%). Meanwhile, the hotel, the restaurant has investments in facilities, equipment, processing tools should meet the basic requirements to ensure food safety. However, the use of unknown food additives or do not in the list of permitted uses for processing foods is still undetected.State Of Affairs For Food In Vietnam Essay

David Hockney stated “ All art is modern-day if it ‘s alive, and if it ‘s non alive, what ‘s the point of it? ” ; The most exciting factor about modern-day art is that it ‘s alive. It represents our society, our life and our clip. What is modern-day art so? Contemporary art describes the signifier of art which is nowadayss in the comparatively recent yesteryear. The day of the month of beginning for the modern-day art varies in relation to modern-day art museum. However, it was normally placed in late 1900. Contemporary art is much more socially witting than any other old art signifiers have been. It deals with the one issue or another such as feminism, AIDS, Multiculturalism, and Globalization. Vietnamese modern-day art is n’t an exclusion. Many modern-day creative persons are seeking to talk their voice for negative and positive side of societal issues in Hanoi. Rapid globalisation and its effects on Vietnamese people are one of the celebrated topics to be considered because it of its strong influence in Vietnamese society. Therefore it has effects on modern-day art as good. Although there is more freedom in Vietnamese modern-day art than in the yesteryear, non a batch of Contemporary creative persons in Vietnam are including message such as philosophical inquiries or societal issues in their graphicss. Still, there were a little figure of creative persons such as Pham Ngoc Duoc, Nguyen Thuy Hang who had strong message in their graphics.State Of Affairs For Food In Vietnam Essay

Throughout this essay observation of the manner Vietnamese creative person express themselves about globalisation in Vietnam will be done. Yet, apprehension of globalisation in Vietnamese society and modern-day art in Vietnam is necessary for deeper apprehension

The Social issues of globalisation in Vietnam
Globalization was really necessary for Vietnam in the yesteryear. After sing war and isolation for many decennaries, Vietnam urgently needed development. Today, with immense alteration and growing caused by globalisation, it has become one of the most rapid developing states in Asia. At first, globalisation was merely known as a manner to hike the economic systems quickly because of all the positive factors that globalisation creates such as, betterment in engineering and international transit, addition in national income and creative activity of outsourcing construct. Nonetheless, in more recent old ages, globalisation has n’t been considered really positive due to the some side effects it created. For case, Spread of deathly disease such as HIV/AID and increase in terrorist act, human trafficking, occupation insecurity created by higher fight for concern have been considered as negative factors of globalisation in Vietnamese society.State Of Affairs For Food In Vietnam Essay

Although there are many economical, environmental defect of globalisation, societal effects give impact on people the most. Therefore, it is easier for the creative persons to detect globalisation in a societal content. There are three chief societal affairs of globalisation in our society that have been mentioned often in modern-day art.

First is the loss in designation of personal trait due to cultural confusion brought by globalisation. With easier contact between the states caused by development of ICT or long distance transpiration caused by globalisation, there are less cultural differences between the states. This can cut down the misinterpretation or deficiency of communicating but it besides threatens the cultural diverseness of a state. Loss in traditional civilization and high quality of western civilization is formed by this alteration[ 2 ].State Of Affairs For Food In Vietnam Essay

It is easy to acknowledge that traditional life manner in Hanoi is altering dramatically, even to an oculus of a alien like me. Traditional ceremonial such as nuptials and funeral are going simpler and more western, traditional nutrient is altering into western fast-food manner since fast nutrient franchisor such as KFC is going more common. Even household life manner is altering. Previously, a typical Vietnamese household would hold three coevals ; grandparent, parents and kids, but now merely two coevals remains together ; parents and their kid. This sort of alteration can frequently ensue lost in designation of certain immature coevals. Young people praise western civilization and life style and purpose to go more like them yet, they are populating in half traditional half westernized civilization. This can makes confusion of whom they truly are and which civilization they should follow.

The 2nd affair is the unsuitableness of varied modern planetary society. While some immature people understand and adapt the immense sum of fresh civilization, there are others who have troubles groking them. These are normally people who do non hold entree to new engineering and information which are necessary to understand modern planetary life. Peoples with low income and aging coevalss are an illustration. This inappositeness can do them experience isolated from the remainder of the society doing depression and emotional lesions.State Of Affairs For Food In Vietnam Essay

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This leads to the last issue which is the addition of division in different groups comprised in one society. Old coevals wo n’t be able to understand immature coevals because their civilization is merely so different. Young coevals can entree to foreign civilization easier than the seniors while the seniors would maintain their traditional civilization. They would perchance acquire different position from different civilization ensuing more spreads and misinterpretations.

The biggest ground why these issues are most concerned within modern-day creative persons is because they affect the local people straightly and significantly. Consequently the creative persons who are detecting the environment and people around them could easy separate them.

Contemporary art in Vietnam
Vietnamese modern-day art is really immature since it merely started in 1990s. It might be immature and egoistic yet it is alone, advanced and original. This absorbing modern-day art scene in Hanoi was merely possible because of freedom that is brought by Doi Moi policy and credence of some accomplishments brought by Gallic settlement.State Of Affairs For Food In Vietnam Essay

Gallic colonize began at the terminal of 19th century, the Gallic introduced the technique of oil picture to Vietnam and in 1925, they established ‘Echole diethylstilbestrols painted ‘ to educate Vietnamese pupils about the professional picture of traditional Gallic art. Realistic and impressionistic manner was adapted during this clip. In many old ages before the revolution Vietnamese picture was largely represented by moony landscapes painted by Gallic manner. However After the independency from the Gallic in 1945, Vietnam has chosen to go socialist state. The authorities controlled all subdivisions of art to suit with the political relations of the state. Vietnamese art ‘s lone involvement was based on revolution, particularly in northern countries such as Hanoi. Artist ‘s sentiment was n’t a dominant factor in their art. Anything apart from revolution such as Nudes, Still life and abstract images were judged as useless, selfish. Besides, it was the act of bewraying the socialist political orientation. Then, after the credence of Doi Moi policy by Vietnamese authorities in mid-1980s, the art scene in Vietnam wholly changed. There was more openness if Vietnamese art and creative person had more freedom about the subject of their graphics. They could eventually dispute a different position with their graphics. Now, Vietnamese creative persons are acquiring international success. Due to the globalisation many reachings of the foreign investors, the Vietnamese art market has grown dramatically and besides it is easier for many creative persons to analyze abroad and larn new position of art.[ 3 ]State Of Affairs For Food In Vietnam Essay

Since Doi Moi there have been two groups of creative persons who have different thoughts about art. One group uses the traditional art component from Gallic colonisation clip with romanticized images of Vietnam such as monastic under banana or Nelumbo nucifera foliage, a miss in traditional adventitia. The other turned their critical eyes on political or societal issue on Vietnam. However, the creative persons who had strong critical message had earned more international celebrity.[ 4 ]

But the Numberss of these creative persons are really few. Most of the modern-day creative persons ‘ involvement is based on traditional sense of Vietnam. These creative persons claim that they are stand foring their psyche and spirit of the Vietnamese cultural traditions. These creative persons might non be welcomed in international art, but they take over most of chief stream art.[ 5 ]One similarity which these two groups of creative person have is that they are non holding easy clip in Vietnamese modern-day art universe. While Vietnamese creative persons who are showing their graphics in mainstream art stay inactive because of deficiency of support, the others have to demo their work merely in belowground art universe. Underground art is a signifier of art which describes the art that is outside or on the peripheries of popular civilization. It is frequently unofficial and off from mass media[ 6 ]The ground why this group of creative person has shown their work on the side is because & lt ; it frequently faces incomprehension with its installing, public presentation, picture, multi-media and conceptual art which merely began in late ninetiess In add-on, controversial subjects such as political and sexual content were n’t good received from government officials and creative persons had to fight difficult to happen official credence. This has limited creative person ‘s creativeness. Another facet that brings in both groups of creative persons complexness is that some of the modern-day humanistic disciplines are merely created for commercial intent. Although, the figure of art galleries in Hanoi is quiet large, really few of them have original piece of graphics from.State Of Affairs For Food In Vietnam Essay  Most of the galleries sell transcript of celebrated graphicss. Ms.Ha, the commercial art trader who used to work for Mai gallery in 2005, has commented that the demand for Vietnamese graphics from foreign purchasers has well decreased late. This is because it is difficult to warrant the originality of the graphics since the Numberss of bogus graphicss are excessively big. Furthermore, after carry oning an interview with Pham Ngoc Duong, it was clear that the thought of creative persons ‘ human right is n’t every bit strong in Vietnam as it is in other states. In the yesteryear, Mr. Duong held an exhibition with legion Vietnamese creative persons and some foreign creative persons from assorted states. At the gap of the exhibition, Vietnamese constabulary came in and started to shock since some of the graphicss contained some controversial subjects that were banned in Vietnam. While Vietnamese senior creative persons merely laughed and took the state of affairs for a granted, many foreign creative persons were panic because this sort of phenomenon has ne’er happened in their states since they have more freedom. He besides said he had to exhibit most of his graphics in private galleries because mainstream art galleries do n’t prefer his work since it frequently contains really strong message which against Vietnamese communist party ‘s political orientation.

Contemporary Vietnamese art has astonishing potency. It is necessary to set some attempt and protection so that there wo n’t be any obstruction for its growing.State Of Affairs For Food In Vietnam Essay

& lt ; unknown, copying picture at Le Huong, ‘Reproduction & lt ; unknown, Painters with his picture, Hanoi, Vietnam,

of celebrated painting ‘ , 83 Ma May, Old one-fourth, www.fotosearch.com/GLW460/gwt229007/ & gt ;

www.lonelyplanet.images.com/images/418898 & gt ;

Pham Ngoc Duong 790
Pham Ngoc Duong is a celebrated modern-day creative person who has participated in many modern-day art motions in Hanoi. He was born in 1976 in Vietnam ; He graduated from the Vietnam University of all right art and lived in Hanoi. Since 1997 his art plants have been exhibited with legion groups. He besides has had solo exhibition in many states such as France, Switzerland, China, Norway, USA, Singapore, Japan every bit good as Vietnam.[ 7 ]

His recent exhibition “ Peoples in the City ” reflects the negative side of Vietnamese society caused by globalisation and other societal concerns.

& lt ; Pham Ngoc Duong, cold, 2009, Oil on Canvas, Goethe-institute Hanoi, Han & gt ;

What I foremost realized with this graphics is that it has successfully created the ambiance of existent Vietnamese local individual populating in poorness. It truly carried out the sense of Vietnamese individual realistically. The chief figure of this picture is a mid-age adult male who is packed into a squared form of unseeable box. It is n’t hard to acknowledge that he ‘s tired and uncomfortable. His unsmooth face seems to enter all the adversity he had to travel though in his life.State Of Affairs For Food In Vietnam Essay His apparels look moth-eaten and foul. He is possibly a homeless mendicant or a labourer seeking to kip in cold conditions. What ‘s for certain is that he is lower-class local individual who struggles to populate every twenty-four hours. The adult male is shriveling his organic structure, perchance to maintain his organic structure warm from cold conditions. Overall, the picture conveys distressingly restricted and sympathy emotion by utilizing Local Vietnamese adult male kiping in a cold as a topic. Color, form and infinite dramas of import function as component of art to make this emotion. The colour of this graphics is really glooming and dull. The Dark colour of his face and apparels contrast with white, field background. The chief figure uses both warm and cool colour to do them complement to each other. Hence, this constructs an unbalanced and awkward temper. None of the colourss that he used is graphic. They are all muddy and dark. Rectangular signifier of the graphics makes the artwork expression alone yet it makes the figure seem restricted and stuffy. The Empty, white infinite in the background emphasizes on stray and obscure emotion. In general, usage of media and art component is really pleasant. The step of tone and smoothness built natural and realistic looking consequence.State Of Affairs For Food In Vietnam Essay

After holding an interview with the creative person, it was easier to hold better apprehension of the his graphics. Mr. Duong said he was basically seeking to expose through this emotion built-in the graphics is the portrayal of people who are populating under hard fortunes and force per unit area. The force per unit area caused by quickly altering society, force per unit area from a deficiency of apprehension of modern life, force per unit area from alterations in civilization, and from a deficiency of human rights. He explained that while analyzing art in French, he used to pull the faces of low-class labourers, and when he came back to Vietnam, he carried out the same drawing with Vietnamese labourers. He realized that the Gallic labourers had much softer and comfy facial characteristics while many Vietnamese labourers are really strong and dying. Then he started to look at faces of people around him like his female parent, his friends and other aliens in the street. He felt the force per unit area and firmed hurting like a gangrene within people ‘s head. He said this is because the Vietnamese society forces to maintain people inside the form. Unlike Gallic people who often have liver public presentations, other cultural activities or to comfort with others to allow all the emphasis and pressures out, Vietnamese people do n’t frequently hold this chance. Therefore they have to populate in a box non to harm or rub other people in the society.

I asked him why he contains such a negative position in his graphics he said “ If you merely want to see positiveness of the life, it is difficult when you face the rough world. For me, it is really of import to laugh and have fun with the world even it might be barbarous ” . He besides said “ Although non many Vietnamese public can understand the significance behind the graphics deeply, sometimes artists attempt to comfort their letdowns and strivings with their graphicss ” . He besides mentioned about his recent exhibition, “ With my exhibition, I wanted to portray the interior logic every bit good as the outer contradictions of Vietnamese society which are hidden behind people ‘s face ” .

The manner he sees the Vietnamese society was easy to understand since it ‘s really near to my position. I loved how he transmitted the revolting world in the humourous advanced mode. The usage of stuff was mature and excellent. The message of the graphics was strong and good presented. Furthermore, this graphics taught me a valuable lesson that creative persons should n’t concentrate on merely on brighter sides of one affair. On the contrary, they should see world and conveys job whether it can be recognized to the populace or non. This would do the difference in the universe. State Of Affairs For Food In Vietnam Essay

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