Social and Emotional Development of an Adolescent Essay Paper

Assignment 4.1: Peer Influence

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Step 1: Research the social and emotional development of an Adolescent.

Step 2: In a one page pager, explain how peer influences change during adolescence

Discuss Piaget’s formal operational stage of development and how it may impact the thoughts and choices in adolescence.

Discuss the shift of reliance on peers

Discuss the shift from reliance on parents

Are there dangers? Explain your answer Social and Emotional Development of an Adolescent Essay Paper

Are there consequences? Explain your answer

Are there advantages? Explain your answer




Every child’s development is distinctive, multipart, and complex. Development comes to pass in five areas. SPICE refers to the five areas of development that all children share. Social, physical, intellectual, creative, and emotional equals SPICE (Early childhood education). Erik Erikson developed a theory of development that considers the impact of external factors from infancy to later life. So, when thinking about early childhood education the one detail that comes to mind is development. Emotional-social development is one aspect of development that is greatly influenced by factors in the environment and the experiences a child has. Social and Emotional Development of an Adolescent Essay Paper

Personal, social and emotional developments (PSED) are acknowledged as one of the starting point of accomplishment in life. PSED is about the whole child, how they are developing now, what they can do to reach their goals but also contribute to their community and how children perceive their identity and ability, understand their relation to the others in the society and apprehend their own and others’ feelings. PSED are a part of children’s development where they will be able to communicate effectively and be able to develop positive behavior among themselves and to others. According to the Early Years Foundation Stage (EYFS), PSED is consists of three aspects which are self-confidence and self-awareness, managing feelings and behavior…show more content…
Health care of children is an important goal to shaping their long term well-being and also reducing inequalities. Secondly, temperaments are behavioral profiles that are measureable and testable in a child’s early childhood as children are born with their natural style of interacting and reacting to people and the environment. However, it is not something that a child chooses from birth, it is rather shaped by a child’s experiences and responses. Often parents need to accept their child’s traits and adjust themselves to educate them. There are three constellations of temperament characteristic which are “easy”, children that are typically adaptable, “difficult”, children that tend to be intense and “slow-to-warm-up”, and children that are easily upset by change (Thomas & Chess, 1950). Children with different temperament .By identifying the proper discipline techniques, traits that are present from birth can be molded to continue to influence growth in essential ways throughout life. Social and Emotional Development of an Adolescent Essay Paper


Early childhood reveals a distinctive opportunity for the foundation of a healthy development 

Erik Erikson, a German psychoanalysis, developed a psychosocial theory of development that considers the impact of external factors, parents, and society on personality development from childhood to adulthood (Erikson’s Stages of Development, 2008). In the preschool years children will go through Erikson’s Theory of infant and toddler personality: Trust vs. mistrust – a trusting infant expects the world to be good and gratifying so he feels confident about venturing out and exploring. While, the mistrustful baby cannot count on the kindness and compassion of others, so she protects herself by withdrawing from people and things around her. Trust comes from a warm, sensitive parent and reasonable expectations for impulse control. Without sufficient trust there can be adjustment problems. Autonomy vs. shame and doubt – a self confident secure child is provided with suitable guidance and reasonable choices. While, the parent that is under controlling will produce a shamed and doubtful child in his abilities to control impulses and therefore will act completely on his own (Berk, 2007). Social and Emotional Development of an Adolescent Essay Paper

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