• Ask a question about something observed.
• Question to be solved.
• Must be about something measurable.
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• Gather information. Write a summary about what you already know or have learned about your topic
• Educated guess about how things work.
• Use If, then statements
• If ____ [I do this], then _____ [this will happen]
• Focus on one variable only.
• List every item that is needed to do the experiment. Include equipment as well as materials.
• Write all of the safety precautions to be taken.
6. Experiment (List a step-by-step procedure for conducting your experiment)
• Tests your hypothesis.
• Is it accepted (right) or rejected (wrong) ?
• Change only one variable at a time.
• Use a control or control group
• (A group that has nothing done to it. Standard used for comparison in an experiment.)
• In order for results to be valid, conduct several tests.
7. Observed Results:
• Use a data table to record your information.
• A complete record of your observations and/or results.
• Note any accidents, mistakes, unusual or unexpected observations and additional information which surfaces.
• Use the data from your results and make an appropriate graph – pie, bar, OR line graph to represent you final results.
• Summary of your experiment:
o After your experiment, analyze your data to see if your hypothesis was accepted or rejected.
o If hypothesis is rejected, give possible reasons for the difference between your hypothesis and the experimental results.
o Then, note any additional comments, explanations of why the results did or did not match your hypothesis. Also note any information that you learned from your research.
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