Role Strain in the Nursing Profession Essay

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Mosby’s online medical dictionary defines role strain as “the stress or strain experienced by an individual when incompatible behavior, expectations, or obligations are associated with a single social role” (“role strain”, n.d.). Principally, these disparities emerge as frustration and undue stress within the nursing profession (Cranford, 2013). A global literature review conducted at Yamaguchi University School of Medicine in Japan reviewed more than 100 articles written since 1990 and established the accepted…Role Strain in the Nursing Profession Essay

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Santos, S., Carroll, C., Cox, K., Teasley, S., Simon, S., Bainbridge, L., … & Ott, L. (2003). Baby boomer nurses bearing the burden of care: a four-site study of stress, strain, and coping for inpatient registered nurses. Journal of Nursing Administration, 33(4), 243-250.
Schmidt, K. H., & Diestel, S. (2012). Job demands and personal resources in their relations to indicators of job strain among nurses for older people. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 69(10), 2185-2195.
Walker, L. O. & Avant, K. C. (2011). Strategies for theory construction in nursing. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education, Inc.
Zander, M., Hutton, A., & King, L. (2013). Exploring resilience in pediatric oncology nursing staff. Collegian., 20(1), 17-25. doi: http://dx.doi.org.proxy.library.ohiou.edu/10.1016/j.colegn.2012.02.002

As health care in America continues to undergo rampant changes, nurses are presented with the task of accomplishing much more than the traditional roles of caring for patients. These challenges are increasing the incidence of role strain within the nursing profession. Role strain, according to V. Lambert and Lambert (2001), has been intellectualized as the result of incongruences in the expectations of a particular role compared to what is actually being accomplished in the role. Understanding the influence of role strain on nurses is integral to the preservation of the profession (Lambert, V., & Lambert, 2001).Role Strain in the Nursing Profession Essay
Nurses in the United States have attributed manifestations of role strain to high job demands, dealing with issues of …show more content…
Defining Characteristics
The subjective response of each individual to the concept of role strain lends itself to a wide array of defining characteristics. More often than not role strain is exhibited as or characterized by some form of frustration (Cranford, 2013). Additionally, role strain is often characterized by feelings of physical exhaustion, fatigue, mood swings, changes in appetite, sleep disturbances and social withdrawal (Santos, Carroll, Cox, Teasley, Simon, & Bainbridge, 2003). Largely, the encompassing characteristics of role strain that resonate throughout relevant nursing literature are emotional exhaustion and goal discrepancy among the expected and perceived care giver roles in nursing that emerge as the aforementioned characteristics (England, 2000).Role Strain in the Nursing Profession Essay
The nursing profession is plagued with these defining characteristics of role strain. Nurses have exceedingly high demands of the physical and psychological nature and most lack an effective support systems and coping measures to deal with these demands and related stressors (Santos et al., 2003). Nurses report an increase in these characteristics of role strain when patient acuities are high

Registered nurses with experience in the clinical area entering academia go through a
transition that may lead to difficulties such as role ambiguity and role strain when
beginning a new job. The purpose of this study was to understand the experiences leading
to role ambiguity, role strain, difficulty with role transition, and job dissatisfaction among
the faculty at colleges of nursing in the mountain region of Western North Carolina.
Guided by Kahn’s organizational role theory and Schlossberg’s transition theory,
research questions investigated the nursing faculty experience of role ambiguity, role
strain, difficulty transitioning into academia, and job dissatisfaction. A qualitative
explanatory case study design using a convenience sample of 12 current full-time and
adjunct nursing faculty was implemented for the study. Online anonymous written
interviews were conducted for data collection. Data were analyzed and coded using open  Role Strain in the Nursing Profession Essay
coding and thematic analysis to identify recurring themes. The results of the study
revealed 6 themes: lack of preparation for academic role expectations, lack of awareness
of new role requirements or new teaching assignments, difficulty transitioning into
academia or a new teaching position, need for orientation and mentoring for nursing
faculty, satisfaction related to the desire to stay or leave a position, and nursing faculty
love what they do. The study findings informed the project, a professional development
program for novice nursing faculty that supports the transition into a new role.
Implications for positive social change include retention of nursing faulty, admission of
increased numbers of nursing students, and more nurses working in communities with
populations in need

A. History & Development The history and development of the nursing profession is very interesting. Theoretically, nursing is believed to have began in the home as a result of the tradition of women taking care of their family when needed, whether it be the role of a wife, a daughter, a mother, or a sister (Self Growth). Women were the typical use for the care of society. Nursing beginning in the home is just a basic belief that came about from modern type thinking. Nursing became very popular in times of war. Nurses were needed to care for the army and the military, and all those who were hurt from the war. Florence Nightingale is considered the founder of modern nursing. She was a very religious woman and an English nurse that…show more content…
B. Future Economic and Growth Trends There are many different economic and growth trends in the future of the nursing career field, and many of them are unfortunately negative. Although statistics show that there are over 2,7 million nurses in the United States alone, they also show that many registered nurses have left and are leaving the career of nursing in search for better opportunities and better paying jobs (Medscape). Nurses make up the largest section of healthcare in the nation, but unfortunately a shortage of nurses is in effect now and is looked upon to continue and extend into the future (Medscape). People are obviously having trouble trying to make a living off of their nursing paycheck and people continue to leave the career field to try and find a more financially rewarding job. The fact that people continue to leave the career field is not the only problem. According to statistics, “when experienced nurses leave their positions after only a few years in the profession, they are often replaced with recently graduated and inexperienced staff members” (Medscape). Not only this, but what is referred to as the, “aging RN factor,” is also a rising problem within the career field, showing that the average age of nurses was 45 in 2000 (Medscape). Many statistics and facts give the impression that the shortage Role Strain in the Nursing Profession Essay

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