Pain Assessment Sample Paper

No evidence exists to suggest that older individuals perceive pain to a lesser degree or that sensitivity is diminished. Although pain is a common experience among individuals 65 years of age and older, it is not a normal process of aging. Pain indicates pathology or injury. Pain should never be considered something to tolerate or accept in one’s later years.Pain Assessment Sample Paper
Unfortunately, many clinicians and older adults wrongfully assume that pain should be expected in aging, which leads to less aggressive treatment. Older adults have additional fears about becoming dependent, undergoing invasive procedures, taking pain medications, and having a financial burden. The most common pain-producing conditions for aging adults include
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Efforts are being made to tailor pharmacologic agents to improve pain treatment based on genetic sequencing. Culture and genetics
Please review the cultural variations in Chapter 2. As clinicians, adopt the habit of asking each patient how he or she typically behaves when in pain.Pain Assessment Sample Paper
Most of the research conducted on racial differences and pain has focused on the disparity in management of pain for various racial groups—comparing pain treatment for individuals of color (e.g., Blacks, Hispanics) with the standard treatment for all individuals with similar injuries or diseases. Various studies describe how Black and Hispanic patients are often prescribed and administered less analgesic therapy than whites, although the majority of these differences is quite small.
Pain is an unpleasant sensory and emotional experience associated with actual or potential tissue damage’ (International association for the study of pain 2014). Pain can be made up of complex and subjective experiences. The experience of pain is highly personal and private, and can not be directly observed or measured from one person to the next (Mac Lellan 2006).Pain Assessment Sample Paper According to the agency for health care policy and research 1992, an individuals self-report of pain is the most reliable indicator of its presence. This is also supported by Mc Caffery’s definition in 1972, when he said ‘Pain is whatever the experiencing patient says it is, existing whenever he says it does’. Pain can be categorised as either acute pain or chronic pain. Acute pain is short lasting and will commonly subside once healing has taken place (Mac Lellan 2006). It is often a sudden onset and usually lasts less than 6 months. The main example of acute pain would be the pain experienced post surgery. Chronic pain on the other hand is a prolonged and persistent pain that remains long after the normal healing process of 3- 6 months. A common example of such a pain would be chronic back pain (Mac Lellan 2006). For the purpose of this assignment, the management of acute pain post surgery will be discussed with reference to a particular scenario, which followed the care and pain management given to a patient post appendectomy. Pain Assessment Sample Paper

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