Methods Of Dealing With

C means compression. You should compress the injured area early in treatment. You should use an ACE bandage. You should wrap the area by overlapping the elastic wrap by one-half of the width of the wrap. It should be snug but not so tight where it cuts off circulation. IF your toes, fingers or leg becomes numb, cold, or blue, you need to rewrap immediately.
Lastly E means Elevate. You should keep your sprain or strain elevated. You should try to get it above your heart if possible. After your sprain or strain is healed, it will be weak in the beginning. To help try to avoid more injury or another strain or sprain, keep trying to work it out and don’t over do it. Start off slow and gradually progress back to what you were normally at! In conclusion, even though strains and sprains are common and seem easy enough to treat, they are very painful. They take a lot out of you because you are limited in what you can do. Imagine if you are a teenager in that predicament; imagine what they have to go through. Your teenager is very active so try everything and take the right precautions to keep them safe and healthy Methods Of Dealing With Ankle Pain Essay

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Ankle pain refers to any type of pain or discomfort in your ankles. This pain could be caused by an injury, like a sprain, or by a medical condition, like arthritis.

According to the National University of Health Sciences (NUHS), an ankle sprain is one of the most common causes of ankle pain — making up 85 percent of all ankle injuries. A sprain occurs when your ligaments (the tissues that connect bones) tear or get overstretched.

Most ankle sprains are lateral sprains, which occur when your foot rolls, causing your outside ankle to twist toward the ground. This action stretches or rips the ligaments.

A sprained ankle often swells and bruises for about 7 to 14 days. However, it may take a few months for a severe injury to heal fully.

Read on to learn causes of ankle pain and how to treat it.

Conditions with ankle pain as a symptom

A sprain is a common cause of ankle pain. Sprains are generally caused when the ankle rolls or twists so that the outside ankle moves toward the ground, tearing the ligaments of the ankle that hold the bones together.

Rolling the ankle can also cause damage to the cartilage or tendons of your ankle.Methods Of Dealing With Ankle Pain Essay

Pain can also be a result of:

  • arthritis, specifically osteoarthritis
  • gout
  • nerve damage or injury, such as sciatica
  • blocked blood vessels
  • infection in the joint

Gout occurs when uric acid builds up in the body. This higher-than-normal concentration of uric acid (a by-product of the body’s normal breakdown of old cells) can deposit crystals in the joints, causing sharp pain.

Pseudogout is a similar condition where calcium deposits build up in the joints. Symptoms of both gout and pseudogout include pain, swelling, and redness. Arthritis can also cause ankle pain. Arthritis is the inflammation of the joints.

Multiple types of arthritis can cause pain in the ankles, but osteoarthritis is the most common. Osteoarthritis is often caused by wear and tear on the joints. The older people are, the more likely they are to develop osteoarthritis.

Septic arthritis is arthritis that’s caused by a bacterial or fungal infection. This can cause pain in the ankles, if the ankles are one of the areas infected.Methods Of Dealing With Ankle Pain Essay

Caring for ankle pain at home

For immediate at-home treatment of ankle pain, the RICE method is recommended. This includes:

  • Rest. Avoid putting weight on your ankle. Try to move as little as possible for the first few days. Use crutches or a cane if you have to walk or move.
  • Ice. Begin by putting a bag of ice on your ankle for at least 20 minutes at a time, with 90 minutes between icing sessions. Do this three to five times a day for 3 days after the injury. This helps reduce swelling and numb pain.
  • Compression. Wrap your injured ankle with an elastic bandage, like an ACE bandage. Don’t wrap it so tightly that your ankle becomes numb or that your toes turn blue.
  • Elevation. Whenever possible, keep your ankle raised above heart level on a stack of pillows or other type of support structure.Methods Of Dealing With Ankle Pain Essay

You can take over-the-counter (OTC) drugs, such as acetaminophen or ibuprofen, to relieve pain and swelling. Once your pain subsides, gently exercise your ankle by rotating it in circles. Rotate in both directions, and stop if it begins to hurt.

You can also use your hands to gently flex the ankle up and down. These exercises will return your range of motion, help reduce swelling, and speed up the recovery process.

If your ankle pain is a result of arthritis, you won’t be able to completely heal the injury. However, there are ways you can manage it. It may help to:

  • use topical pain relievers
  • take nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) to reduce pain, swelling, and inflammation
  • stay physically active and follow a fitness program focusing on moderate exercise
  • practice healthy eating habits
  • stretch to maintain a good range of motion in your joints
  • keep your body weight within a healthy range, which will lessen stress on the joints Methods Of Dealing With Ankle Pain Essay
Ankle pain treatment options

If lifestyle modifications and OTC treatments just aren’t cutting the pain, it might be time to look into other options.

An orthopedic shoe insert or foot or ankle brace is a great nonsurgical way to help realign your joints and keep pain and discomfort at bay. Available in different sizes and degrees of stiffness, inserts support different parts of the foot and redistribute body weight, thereby providing pain relief.

An ankle brace works much in the same way. These braces are available in different sizes and levels of support. Some can be worn with regular shoes, while others are a bit more all encompassing, resembling a cast that covers both the ankle as well as the foot.Methods Of Dealing With Ankle Pain Essay

While a few varieties might be available at the drugstore or pharmacy, it’s best to consult with a doctor to be fitted properly.

Steroid injections may be used to reduce pain and inflammation. Injections contain a medicin

e called corticosteroid, which reduce swelling stiffness and pain in the afflicted area.

Most injections take just a few minutes and provide relief within a few hours, while the effects are said to last from 3 to 6 months. The best part is, this is a noninvasive, nonsurgical procedure that can have you home resting on the same day.

When to consult a doctor

While most ankle sprains heal with a little TLC and at-home care, it’s important to know when the injury has progressed past that point.

Those who experience extreme swelling or bruising, along with the inability to put weight or pressure on the area without significant pain, should consult a doctor.

Another general rule is to seek medication attention if there’s been no improvement during the course of the first few days.Methods Of Dealing With Ankle Pain Essay

Ankle pain is often caused by common injuries like a sprain, or medical conditions like arthritis, gout, or nerve damage. Discomfort commonly comes in the form of swelling and bruising for 1 to 2 weeks.

During that time, try to rest, elevate your foot, and ice your ankle three to five times a day for the first few days. OTC medication may provide some relief as well.

But if pain still persists after that, head to the doctor to go over all of your options, from special ankle braces and shoes to surgery.

Incidence of ankle injury:

Injuries to the ankle are extremely common in athletes and often occur in a wide variety of sports (Kinzey et al., 1997). A systematic review of the literature by Fong, et al. (2007) detailing incidences of ankle injuries found that across a variety of 70 sports, the ankle was the most commonly injured site in the human body, (24 sports, 34.3%). Of those injuries to the ankle, Fong, et al. (2007) also reported that sprains were the most prevalent type of injury counting for 76.7% of all ankle injuries.Methods Of Dealing With Ankle Pain Essay
According to Hertel, (2000), Kinzay, et al. (1997), Matsusuka, et al. (2001) and Woods, et al. (2003) lateral ankle sprains are widely reported to be amongst the most common injuries to athletes across an extensive range of sports.
Callaghan (1997) describes acute lateral ankle sprain as the most common type of sports related ligamentous injury supported by a study by Verhagen, et al. (2001) who goes on to report that 85% of all ankle injuries are caused through inversed plantar flexion movement beyond the normal physiological range of movement (ROM).
Thacker, et. al. (1999) describes the incidences of when ankle injuries are likely to occur and states that injuries frequently occur when an athlete is either jumping or landing, especially in sports such as football, basketball, American football and Volleyball. A supporting study by Hume and Gerrard, (1998) also found that in rugby union incidences of ankle injury occurred when players were jumping, landing or making sharp changes in direction. Furthermore, Woods, et al. (2003) in a Football Association injury analysis report concluded that 77% of non-contact injuries in football were associated with landing, twisting and turning movements.Methods Of Dealing With Ankle Pain Essay

Prevention of ankle injuries:

The principle method of ankle injury prevention in recent years has been taping as described by Robbins, et al. (1995) and supported by Mohammadi , F. (2007) who states that the prevention of ankle injuries through strapping and other external supports has been widely researched. Ricard, et al. (2000) suggests that the application of taping and bracing to an injured ankle will act as a preventative measure by decreasing the range of movement in the joint, and therefore preventing further injury through extreme inversion. Ricard et al. (2000) goes on to suggest that taping is still found to be common standard practice among sports medicine practitioners. Halsneath, et al. (2003) also found in concordance with Ricard, et al. (2000) that taping is still considered to be a popular choice amongst athletes, athletic trainers and sports physiotherapists. Callaghan (1997) also reports that sportspersons often consider ankle supports to be essential to their individual performance.
In a study by Thacker et al. (1999) it was recommended that athletes with an ankle sprain should be treated with at least some foot orthotic whether is be tape or a fixed brace. Thacker et al. (1999) also stated that the prevention of ankle injuries is occasionally beyond the athlete’s control but elements such as in season and pre-season conditioning along with training that focus’ on flexibility and agility will significantly increase prevention potential. In conjunction with flexibility and agility training it is thought that proprioceptive training is a crucial aspect of ankle injury prevention (Mohammadi, 2007) Methods Of Dealing With Ankle Pain Essay

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