Leisure and Recreation

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a. 10 percent

b. 99 percent

c. 6 percent

d. 40 percent

e. 90 percent

37. If the vast majority of people in the cities and towns of Riverside County, California, were to commute to work in Los Angeles, these communities would be edge cities. Leisure and Recreation Assignment Paper
Answer True
False

38. The movement that attempts to rebuild group values and a sense of collective responsibility is called:
Answer

a. socialism.

b. functionalism.

c. Marxism.

d. communitarianism.

e. textual poaching.

39. The increasing number of Americans who move out of state to attend college will decrease the importance of ____________, assuming that students start new romantic relationships in school.
Answer

a. exogamy

b. homogamy

c. miscegenation

d. monogamy

e. propinquity  Leisure and Recreation Assignment Paper

40. The documentary “Unnatural Causes” explores the lives of several Louisville, Kentucky residents at different socio-economic status levels and from various racial backgrounds. It found that poorer Louisville residents suffered greater rates of illness and died earlier than wealthier ones. What is this an example of?
Answer

a. anomie

b. deprivation amplification

c. food deserts

d. impression management

e. environmental racism

41. In the past, which group of people had the time and resources necessary to pursue recreational activity? Leisure and Recreation Assignment Paper
Answer

a. the middle class and the upper class

b. only the wealthy

c. only the clergy

d. almost everyone

e. only the very poor

42. Propinquity refers to:
Answer

a. the appeal of the family.

b. geographical proximity.

c. the desire for the exotic and the foreign.

d. a fixed set of beliefs.

e. the tendency to seek people with similar backgrounds.

43. The “bureaucratization” stage of a social movement:
Answer

a. in the U.S. labor movement, happened when the AFL and the CIO merged.

b. always happens at the beginning.

c. happened during the gay rights movement with the Stonewall riot. Leisure and Recreation Assignment Paper

d. happened for the environmental rights movement with the release of the film An Inconvenient Truth

e. has not yet happened for the gay rights movement.

44. Leisure and work are complementary activities. What links them together?
Answer

a. the weekend

b. consumption

c. children and the family

d. food

e. democracy

45. According to Georg Simmel, how do city dwellers relate to one another?
Answer

a. by constantly monitoring one another in order to detect violations of norms and values

b. through restrictive constraints on personal behavior

c. in terms of class-based loyalties

d. through family connections

e. in objective and instrumental terms

46. Hunger remains widespread in many parts of the world, but not in the United States. Leisure and Recreation Assignment Paper
Answer True
False

47. The Mall of America has more than 10,000 workers, occupies more than 4 million square feet, and receives more than 40 million visitors each year. However, the mall offers more than just shopping. Concerts, plays, story times for children, flight simulators, and an indoor aquarium are just a few of the elements of what the mall calls its “retail experience.” What point does this illustrate?
Answer

a. Alternative media sources are driving Americans to consider new ideas and experience life differently.

b. Rather than paying for things, more and more Americans are now making their own fun.

c. Shopping is now as much about entertainment as it is about purchasing things. Leisure and Recreation Assignment Paper

d. Many forms of leisure and recreation seem to have shifted from organized and formal activities to spontaneous or informal activities.

e. Americans are increasingly less likely to go out for a dose of the arts and more likely to stay home and enjoy performances in front of their home entertainment centers.

48. The Golden Gate Bridge in San Francisco is an icon of the city by the bay and a world renowned tourist destination. It is also the number one suicide magnet in the world. Which theoretical explanation for suicide would best explain the high rates of suicide at the bridge?
Answer

a. psychological

b. anomic

c. contagion

d. selectionan

e. ecological

49. What sport is immensely popular in almost every part of the world EXCEPT the United States? Leisure and Recreation Assignment Paper
Answer

a. track and field

b. basketball

c. baseball

d. soccer

e. hockey

50. Media are one of the United States’ most profitable exports.
Answer True
False

51. The 2010 Health Care Reform Act (formally called the “Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act”) represents:
Answer

a. the medical establishment.

b. the importance of medical systems in the United States.

c. a sweeping overhaul of the U.S. health care system.

d. patients’ power and status.

e. doctor–patient confidentiality.

52. How would a sociologist define “family”? Leisure and Recreation Assignment Paper
Answer

a. two or more individuals related by blood, marriage, or adoption who share a household

b. both the nuclear family and the extended family to the extent that family members share emotional and material responsibilities

c. almost any social group so long as they share responsibilities for raising children

d. an interdependent social group bound by legal, biological, or emotional ties

e. a group of related people who share a household

53. A sociologist who examines how cities are organized or the migration of human populations is studying:
Answer

a. social ecology.

b. environmental attitudes.

c. renewable resources.

d. environmental justice.

e. grassroots environmentalism.

54. The transformation of culture over time is called:
Answer

a. social iteration.

b. social revolution.

c. cultural evolution. Leisure and Recreation Assignment Paper

d. social change.

e. cultural translation.

55. The Industrial Revolution made cities necessary, as a large number of people had to be brought in to work in factories, but ever since then many people have found city life attractive. Why?
Answer

a. Cities offer a profound sense of security.

b. Cities bring people together and help to develop community.

c. Cities offer a high degree of personal freedom.

d. Cities help people develop deep and intense relationships.

e. all of the above

56. Health and illness are mostly physical states that do not include other life aspects such as mental well-being or changing cultural beliefs.
Answer True  Leisure and Recreation Assignment Paper
False

57. In countries where ____________ has happened, there no longer is a “natural increase” in population.
Answer

a. the Industrial Revolution

b. human exemptionalism

c. the demographic freefall

d. extreme water pollution

e. the demographic transition

58. Family friends who are referred to as “Aunt” or “Uncle” are examples of:
Answer

a. the Full House effect.

b. fictive kin.

c. polygyny.

d. extended families. Leisure and Recreation Assignment Paper

e. homogamy.
59. Some cell phone providers are now offering hardware, like small laptops, and media to play on it, like songs and TV shows. Phone companies believe that each product they offer will encourage and promote other products, as phones can easily send data to laptops, which can store media that can easily be watched on phones, and so on. What is this called?
Answer

a. synergy

b. the hypodermic needle theory

c. conglomeration

d. media concentration

e. bandwidth

60. A typical media conglomerate might include which of the following? Leisure and Recreation Assignment Paper
Answer

a. a book and magazine publisher

b. radio and television broadcasters

c. a sports franchise

d. none of the above

e. all of the above

61. How has technology enabled the shift from spontaneous to organized recreation?
Answer

a. It has made organized recreation more fun.

b. It has made it easier to organize people.

c. It has made organized recreation more competitive.

d. It has produced the tools necessary for organized recreation.

e. It has made shopping easier.

62. Is medicine in the United States a social institution? Leisure and Recreation Assignment Paper
Answer

a. Yes, because organizations like the American Medical Association set policy and shape definitions of health and illness throughout the nation.

b. Yes, because doctors need licenses to practice.

c. No, because it is more of an ideal than a social institution.

d. No, because organizations like the American Medical Association are brick and mortar places and not really widescale patterns of interaction.

e. Yes, because a study was done that polled Americans which reported that it is.

63. When a large number of people either collectively or individually engage in similar behaviors, sociologists call it:
Answer

a. collective behavior.

b. contagion.

c. mass behavior.

d. a social movement.

e. riots.

64. Although the hacky sack was invented in 1972, it exploded in popularity in the middle of the 1990s and is now somewhat less common. This is a good example of a: Leisure and Recreation Assignment Paper
Answer

a. social movement.

b. cultural diffusion.

c. fashion.

d. fad.

e. social dilemma.

Figure 13.1 The Concentration of Media Outlets

According to Figure 13.1, Google corporation has acquired a very large number of otherwise unrelated businesses in a variety of different sectors. For example, it is the owner of the largest wind farm on Earth. This process of acquiring businesses is called:
Answer

a. conglomeration.

b. synergy.

c. merger.

d. concentration.

e. fourth estate.

Talcott Parsons researched this from a structural functionalist perspective:
Answer

a. the medical establishment

b. medical policy

c. doctors’ power and status Leisure and Recreation Assignment Paper

d. doctor–patient confidentiality

e. the sick role

67. What do demographers call larger urban areas, those with more than one million inhabitants?
Answer

a. global cities

b. megacities

c. Metropolitan Statistical Areas

d. global density centers

e. metropolises

68. What do the 19th Amendment to the Constitution, Nazism, birth control, and Protestantism all have in common?
Answer

a. They all involve social stratification.

b. They all began in the twentieth century.

c. They all have had a negative effect on society.

d. They all are the products of a single charismatic leader. Leisure and Recreation Assignment Paper

e. They all are the products of social movements.

69. The modern era is characterized by improvised or do-it-yourself forms of family.
Answer True
False

70. When a Star Trek fan club raises money for an animal welfare organization that is sponsored by the Star Trek actor William Shatner, what is this evidence of?
Answer

a. the inability of such groups to contribute to the common good

b. the fragmented nature of such groups

c. the narrow focus of a lifestyle enclave

d. the lack of real community in such groups

e. the ability of a lifestyle enclave to develop a larger sense of social responsibility

71. Although the family always influences its members, it is not always a very consistent influence because:
Answer

a. changes outside the family impact its members. Leisure and Recreation Assignment Paper

b. inequality between siblings changes the way that each child is socialized.

c. birth order changes the family experience.

d. divorce and remarriage can radically alter the way a family socializes its members at different points in time.

e. all of the above

72. Epidemiologists are studying global climate change and disease and have found a link between temperature increases and the spread of diseases.
Answer True
False

73. Although critics might see soap operas as brainwashing their viewers to accept a particular version of gender roles, some sociologists would insist that the people who produce soap operas actually have to be constantly attentive to the desires of their audience and are to some extent responding to their audience. If you believe this, then you probably see soap opera viewers as:
Answer  Leisure and Recreation Assignment Paper

a. the bourgeoisie.

b. an active audience.

c. helpless dupes.

d. collectors.

e. new voices in the media.

74. What do sociologists call the tendency to marry someone of a similar background?
Answer

a. endogamy

b. heterogamy

c. in-group orientation

d. exogamy

e. romance medians

75. Seagram’s, a company best known for its gin, also owns Universal Records. This is an example of what trend in the media industry? Leisure and Recreation Assignment Paper
Answer

a. antidisestablishmentarianism

b. inequality

c. conglomeration

d. deregulation

e. monopoly

76. Regressive or reactionary social movements are always:
Answer

a. the most common type of social movement.

b. motivated by prejudice or hate.

c. successful only when they use violence.

d. working to make sure things stay the same, or even to turn them back to an earlier point in history.

e. motivated by a desire to protect the environment.

77. How does the birth of children change the gendered division of labor within the household?
Answer

a. It makes the gendered division of labor more traditional. Leisure and Recreation Assignment Paper

b. It has no influence on the gendered division of labor.

c. It gets fathers more involved.

d. It makes the gendered division of labor more traditional in families that were always somewhat traditional, but it has no effect on those who had a more progressive division of labor.

e. It brings the extended family into the household more.

78. Popular urban legends sometimes circulate for years.
Answer True
False

79. An office has a “coffee fund,” an old coffee can where people can toss change anytime they pour a cup of coffee. The fund can be used to buy new coffee for the office when the supply runs out. However, one individual always takes coffee and never puts any money in the fund, making him a:
Answer

a. prisoner.

b. free rider.

c. dilemma.

d. resource mobilizer. Leisure and Recreation Assignment Paper

e. contrarian.

80 Which of the following would NOT be a family as sociologists define the term?
Answer

a. a married couple who maintain separate apartments on different sides of Central Park in New York City

b. a lesbian couple who have a child using a sperm donor

c. a couple who remarries and shares a household with children from their previous marriages

d. an unmarried couple who never have children

e. two men who enter a business partnership in which one runs a retail outlet while the other produces products to sell in it

81. When an individual describes someone who is related to them biologically as “not really kin,” what are they saying? Leisure and Recreation Assignment Paper
Answer

a. The relative has not exercised her rights or fulfilled her obligations as a family member.

b. The relative is part of the extended, rather than the nuclear family.

c. The relative doesn’t belong to the relevant voluntary associations.

d. The relative has died.

e. all of the above

82. What feature of fan-staged encounters can be problematic?
Answer

a. how powerless a fan is in such circumstances

b. the brief and inadequate nature of the contact

c. the amount of money that they cost

d. they usually occur without the consent of the celebrity Leisure and Recreation Assignment Paper

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