A 10 minute presentation on the research paper is required along with a formal outline and a video recording . You have to record you presentation and upload it to the assignment named “video upload”Part One: This part of the assignment consists of submitting a formal outline of your presentation and the presentation. Your submission is done HERE, under this rubric. Check out this example of an outline. Again, there are two things to upload: the outline and the presentation as if you were to present in a physical classroom. 6-8 slidesIn each slide in the notes do say what i need to say out loud when i present please fill out the speaking outline form attached here400 Level Grading Rubric: Oral Communication v2018CriteriaRatings This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeFormal Outline: Submitted by due date • Proper outline format including APA citations • Includes all pertinent informationthreshold: 6.95 pts9.09 ptsExcellent This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeSpeaking Outline: Used when giving presentation • Proper outline format according to student’s individual level • Aids student in presenting speechthreshold: 6.95 pts9.09 ptsExcellent This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeTime: Meets time criteria for assignment • Effective use of time; appropriate balance of sectionsthreshold: 6.95 pts9.09 ptsExcellent This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeContent Area (added by Instructor)threshold: 6.95 pts9.09 ptsExcellent This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeIntroduction: Attention getter – first statement (student does NOT begin speech with name/ title) • Thesis • Credibility/ goodwill statements • Transition into bodythreshold: 6.95 pts9.09 ptsExcellent This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeStructure: Clear and well supported main points, with fluid transitionsthreshold: 6.95 pts9.09 ptsExcellent This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeConclusion: Signaled end of speech (student does NOT say ‘in conclusion’) • Summarized most important content • Provided definitive, memorable final statement (does not say “these are my references”)threshold: 6.95 pts9.09 ptsExcellent This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeVerbal Messages: Proper usage of voice rate, expressiveness/ pitch, intensity/volume and conversational tone with audience • Proper word choice, limited verbal fillersthreshold: 6.95 pts9.09 ptsExcellent This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeNonverbal Messages: Proper nonverbal messages including eye contact, use of note cards, lectern and floor use, physical appearance, facial expressions and gesturesthreshold: 6.95 pts9.09 ptsExcellent This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeTechnological Component: Uses essential text only, professional in design, no distractions by way of font, graphics or special effects, fluid and well integrated with spoken wordthreshold: 6.95 pts9.09 ptsExcellent This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeDocumentation: Proper style format and citations • Used proper number of sources and citationsthreshold: 6.96 pts9.1 ptsExcellentTotal Points: 100.0
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Running Head: INFLUENCE OF IMMIGRATION LAWS IN THE UNITED STATES
Influence of Immigration Laws in the United States
Student Name
Institution name
1
INFLUENCE OF IMMIGRATION LAWS IN THE UNITED STATES
2
Introduction
Immigration has been a popular concept within the realm of humanity. Throughout the
history of humanity, people have been migrating for trade, war, and other medieval reasons.
However, the development of civilization and globalization has led to people migrate in search
of further education, better employment opportunities, better living conditions, better healthcare,
and escaping the effects of war, among other major economic, psychological and social reasons
on both the United States and the immigrants themselves.
Due to the rising culture of migration, countries have resulted in designing and enacting
laws to regulate the rate of immigration in a country. Among the countries that have recently
focused on the issue of foreign settlement within the America borders, once regarded as the
“Land of Opportunity,” but currently closing its doors for non-essential immigrants who turn to
the United States for better living conditions, among other reasons suggested above.
Immigration can be linked with several diverse effects, including the acquirement of
talent, heightened innovation, better occupational specialization, and increased rate of economic
productivity. These factors affect a country, such as the United States, positively contributing to
the gross domestic product (GDP) of the country. However, immigration can also affect a
country adversely relating to the rise in population and the various factors that emerge from the
rise in the population without a corresponding rise with the country’s resources or productivity.
One major factor that has contributed to such adversity includes the immigration of
unskilled, or persons that can politely be regarded as non-essential immigrants who benefit from
the resources of the country, but altogether, have less effective influence in the productivity of
the country. For instance, unskilled or uneducated immigrants moving in the United States
INFLUENCE OF IMMIGRATION LAWS IN THE UNITED STATES
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benefits from the resources the country has to offer to its citizens, however, due to their
inefficiency in contributing to the economy, these persons prove a burden to the government of
the United States due to the dependency of these immigrants to the government and other
institutions for survival. Such has been the greatest grievance to Trump’s administration,
demanding the regulation of the rate of settlement in the country. However, this regulation is not
a recent trend in the United States. Regulation of immigration in this country began after the
Immigration Act of 1882 was passed by the United States legislature after a unanimous vote by
47 congresspeople deliberated for regulating the rate of immigrants settling in the States.
Presently, the United States hosts the highest population by immigrant count, who are
approximately 49.8 million, gradually shifting downwards within the last decade. For instance,
the total number of visas given out by the ministry of immigration in 2018 was 7468 compared
to 9130 visas granted in 2004. The current record of visas granted falls way below the set target
of 675000 visas the United States planned to offer non-citizens in a year. Such shows the major
effect the United States immigration laws on the country. Given such a winning momentum, this
paper attempts to examine the influence emanating from the laws and policies regarding foreign
settlement in the States.
Analysis
One of the policies employed to regulate the population of immigrants living in the States
is the use of Executive Order. An executive order is a presidential decree over a specific issue.
Specifically, such laws do not include congress and are effective as common laws. For instance,
the EO13768 law regulates the extradition of any illegal immigrants living within the borders of
the United States. Another fundamental law is the EO 13767, derived in 2017 with a principal
INFLUENCE OF IMMIGRATION LAWS IN THE UNITED STATES
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objective to construct a brick wall that would separate the United States and Mexico at the
border. Another noteworthy Executive Order, EO 13789, looks to limit the H-1B visa platform
that disallows Organizations from importing talent and employees from outside the United
States.
The major roles of these policies set by the United States are to divert the focus of
national resources from being dedicated to aiding the immigrants. Instead, these resources get
directed to improving the living conditions of the legitimate citizens in the United States
(Krogstad, Passel & Cohn). Therefore, it can be assumed that American immigration laws
improve the living conditions of the American citizens by limiting the population of immigrants
who shares the public resources with locals. Such is achieved from the frustrations the United
States government places on immigrants, preventing the population swell of this country.
However, an executive order such as EO13767, to mark the U.S.-Mexico border with a brick
wall, has been greatly criticized following the huge budget such a project would attract.
Loss of Vastly Expert Immigrants and Deleterious Economic Effects.
On the same point, such Executive Orders from the presidential administration may also
act as a hindrance to the growth of the American economy, especially with regards to the
informal sector. According to (Krogstad, Passel & Cohn), Mexico has been providing the United
States with immigrants who work on low-wage jobs in both the unskilled and semi-skilled labor
market. Such a factor affects the United States economy negatively, following that the low-wage
jobs offered to immigrants, especially from Mexico, would have to find other alternatives for
human resources. This element would increase the cost of production for such organizations.
INFLUENCE OF IMMIGRATION LAWS IN THE UNITED STATES
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Given both the pros and cons, the American laws on immigration provide both adverse and
beneficial effects on the country, as has been described above.
Khanna & Morales, (2017) explains that the HB-1 structure, a scheme that allowed hiring
proper working conditions for foreign employers, which is a policy that allowed hiring and
enabling the working conditions for foreign employers. Such provided an industrial boom in the
country by increased the degree of skilled workforce, specifically with the computer sciencerelated grounds. The results of this technological boom promoted a significant development of
the information technology segment in the country for several decades following the huge leaps
in technological development. Before the United States placed stricter regulations in
immigration, Indians provided their expert market to many business organizations in the United
States given their diverse skills and knowledge in the I.T. sector that was greatly inspired by the
apparent refined life in terms of job, political and financial stability that the United States has to
offer.
However, the current administration implemented strict laws that limit people, skilled or
not, to immigrate to the U.S. Given so, it is clear that the United States lost some credible source
of skilled and expert talent that was greatly contributed by the Indian labor market. These critical
talents were lost to countries such as Germany, Canada, China, and the United Kingdom, and
that favors the growth of these countries over the United States in matters regarding
technological innovation (Khanna & Morales, 2017).
According to Hill & Wiehe (2017), skilled or semi-skilled immigration are among the
main drivers of the financial development of a country in terms of revenue and the gross
domestic product. For instance, the immigrants registered under the Deferred Action for
INFLUENCE OF IMMIGRATION LAWS IN THE UNITED STATES
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Childhood Arrival (DACA) funds approximately 1.7 billion USD as revenue in the form of
disposable income, excise duty, and sales to support the local and federal authorities. Since
immigrants residing and operating in the United States are taxpayers, applying stringent laws on
immigration in the United States, have led to adversative economic implications since both the
unskilled, semi-skilled, and skilled look to immigrate to other countries except the United States
given its employment on the strict immigration policies. For instance, people immigrating to the
United States as children but differed from deportation have the right to work in this country
without having to be deported (Hill & Wiehe, 2017).
However, the current government disregards that immigrants provide substantial
contributions in the country and has, therefore, chosen to curtail the already existing legal
structures that safeguard the immigrants by pressuring these “legal” immigrants. Such has then
led to the reduction of the country’s revenues at the local and federal levels by 700 million USD,
as DACA pronounces (Hill & Wiehe, 2017).
It is agreeable that the elite immigrants are a contributing factor to the advancement of
local populations, especially in their areas of residence. For instance, the immigrant engineers,
scientists, and environmentalists actively contribute to the residents, thus making a generalized
contribution to the economy of the states, as well as the throughput provided by the indigenous
communities. The current immigration laws of America have been reported to discriminate
between racial diversity in the States. This bracket also includes the allowed settlers who face
discriminative challenges during the application of work permits (Mayda & Pen, 2017).
The employment sector also faces severe challenges of discrimination, given that the
corporations in the United States are restricted from employing foreigners regardless of their
INFLUENCE OF IMMIGRATION LAWS IN THE UNITED STATES
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skills or knowledge. Such leads these contributive persons to seek other prospects from other
countries that provide accommodative policies regarding the rights of immigrants. These
countries include but not limited to Canada, the United Kingdom, China, et cetera. Such results
to the United States losing grand amounts of productivity and revenue, further worsening the
economic performance of the country (Mayda & Pen, 2017). Probably, several decades in the
future would have these countries enjoying more productivity than the United States due to their
welcoming policies to immigrants.
Skilled immigrants are great contributors to a country’s development. The same has been
proven by the United States in the past due to the great development in innovation and
businesses that employ many people in the United States. After foreigners are allowed the H-1B
visas, especially to the Chinese and Indians entrepreneurs who invest their businesses in
America. Much of the growth in the United States economy can be attributed to the contributions
foreign investors make in this country through diverse, innovative activities that positively
contribute to the economy of the United States. The bottom line remains that skilled
entrepreneurs from other nations contributed to the growth of the United States economy.
Therefore, the stringent immigration policies recently adopted by the American government are
elements of limitation that deteriorate the economy of this country following the marginalization
of the employment opportunities foreign investors make on the economy of this country. Such is
due to the decrease of the patent that was registered under the U.S. jurisdiction by foreign
entrepreneurs (Stone & Bryant 2018/2019).
The highly expert labor provided by immigrants in the United States adds value to
consumers of products sold in the United States. According to (Bound & Morales, 2017) argues
that immigrants can provide quality, cheap, and abundant labor for organizations. Here, most
INFLUENCE OF IMMIGRATION LAWS IN THE UNITED STATES
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shoppers acquire products and services at moderately low prices that are generated from the
meager wages paid to foreign workers. The H-1B scheme introduced in the 1990s allows the
employment of expert foreign workers. This scheme generated financial benefits for the tech
sector, as well as the end consumer due to increment in the profit margin made by organizations
from the sidelined wages paid to immigrants working in the I.T. sector in America. However,
things have changed after the immigrant laws got enacted, leaving immigrants to relocate to
other countries with more accommodating. Such countries include Canada, where there are open
doors for skilled immigrant entry (Bound & Morales, 2017).
The human capital provides by immigrants consists of experience, skills, and education.
Following the swell of the foreign Immigrants in the States, most of these individuals tend to
assume that they stand better chances of work through acquiring education to refine their
expertise. Therefore, the United States experienced the rise of immigrants holding college
certification from 3.1 million in 1990 to 11.1 million in 2015. Although the majority of the
students choose to remain in the United States regardless of the strict immigrant laws, current
times have made matters worse for them as the Trump administration applied stricter
immigration policies. Such increases the likelihood that students tend to seek refuge from other
countries with more lenient immigration laws from where they can put their skills into practice.
Therefore, the current immigration decrees in America is leading this country to lose its hold on
the skilled and educated human capital (Batalova & Fix, 2017).
Following that, expert students made a great impact in America; the current immigration
laws have pushed these students to move to other countries such as the United Kingdom, China,
and Canada. (El-Bawab, 2019) explains that these laws have drained the interest foreign students
had to learn and work in the U.S. which resultantly declined intercontinental scholar applications
INFLUENCE OF IMMIGRATION LAWS IN THE UNITED STATES
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and matriculation to the various institutions in the United States from 2018.nFollowing the
nativism attitude such as “Buy American, Hire American,” denies students the abilities to
overstay their visas in the country. El-Bawab continues that the majority of these students
enquire from lawyers on how Canadian life would favor them. Canada is currently
accommodative, giving express admission of workers and students who give quick residency and
work permits. Therefore, it gets evident that the United States loses quality and educated students
who would make profound employees that would steer the United States economic-wise (ElBawab, 2019).
Molla (2019) has the same opinion regarding the loss of students to other friendlier
countries. While nativism is considered to reduce the competition for jobs between the native
employees and the skilled immigrants by deporting some immigrants, the loss of the United
States becomes a gain to countries such as Canada who is currently developing into a tech hub
from the innovation these students bring in the country. For instance, Toronto got ranked as
position four in 2018 in technological innovation following the “Coldwell Banker Richard Ellis
tech talent list.” It is only a matter of time and a little effort before Toronto subdues Washington
DC, Seattle, and San Francisco as the leading region with extensive tech workers. Molla (2019)
gives an example of Das, an Indian engineer formerly working in the United States. When asked
where he wants to work, he chose Toronto over New York due to the accommodative laws in
Canada (Molla, 2019).
Undermining the Efforts Asserted by Various Resettlement Agencies
The immigration edicts adopted in America have also remained seen to frustrate the
diverse determinations made by various philanthropic organizations to refuge people fleeing
INFLUENCE OF IMMIGRATION LAWS IN THE UNITED STATES
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from life-threatening situations such as political instability, war, et cetera. For instance, people
from countries experiencing civil unrest tend to escape to peaceful countries such as the United
States. Before, the United States assumed a vital role in the accommodation of immigrants
searching for a haven from their countries. Contrariwise, the current American administration
has implemented laws that change the positive development earlier administrations made in
resettling the war afflicted immigrants, among others who come into the states for economic or
social reasons (Kaba, 2019).
Therefore, reducing the visas for entry in the United States has worsened the situation for
immigrants within war-stricken countries by denying them what they consider a haven. Worse,
the government of the United States has been pushing other governments such as European
nations to lessen their accommodation of immigrants, as well as deporting the ones already
residing in these countries. Such deeds can be attributed to the employment of nativism attitudes
among countries that have a conservative attitude towards immigrants, as well as the
philanthropic efforts that look to resettle immigrants in countries that are war-stricken or have
unstable living conditions (Kaba, 2019).
After the Displaced Persons Act of 1948 was signed, the United States was on the front
line in welcoming immigrants in the country. However, nativism has resulted in the United
States placing legislative restrictions on immigrants, both currently immigrating and those that
immigrated before. Especially in the 19th century to the present, the concept of nativism in the
U.S. has strived to frustrate the efforts that have been made by various organizations in resettling
immigrants in the United States. Often, the concept of nativism has currently been focused on
specific groups, strategically targeted by the government. For example, Young (2017) explains
INFLUENCE OF IMMIGRATION LAWS IN THE UNITED STATES
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that persons from the Islamic society and Mexicans are the most affected by the current wave of
nationalism implemented through the country’s legislation.
Additionally, Young mentions that nativism does not disappear absolutely. Rather, this
concept is suppressed and resurfaces when there is a need to reduce the immigrant population in
a country over time. Therefore, the majority of the people, including the immigrants, get inclined
to implement the attitude of nativism with time. Such moves to further hinder the various efforts
asserted by civic organizations in resettling immigrants, following that the nativism attitude
remains ingrained within the country’s belief system (Young, 2017).
The administrative police of the United States have also been posted under a restrictive
stance given that the fundamental grievance given by the Trump government is to reduce the
security threat immigrants have on the citizens of the United States. For instance, immigrants
from Islamic backgrounds are generally related to terrorism. They, therefore, pose a threat to the
United States, either realistically or psychologically, where residents feel uncomfortable and
threatened just by the presence of Islamic persons. Such has violated the core values of
Americans, which underlines justice and freedom for all people regardless of race, ethnicity, or
religion. The administration of President Eisenhower was a perfect example of the former
inclination of the United States campaign for justice and freedom by welcoming immigrants who
manage to flee from oppression and war from their native communistic countries. However, the
current administration in the United States has curtailed such a fundamental privilege the United
States government had offered these immigrants by denying them entry into the country while
preventing further entry of non-citizens in the country. Such shows that the curren …
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