Hypertension is widely considered to be one of the most important risk factors
of cardiovascular diseases (angina, arrhythmia, etc.). It is the second leading disease that causes mortality in the world. Hypertension is the condition when there is an increase in the force of blood on the walls of vessels.Factors That Influence Disease Essay It can also be defined as an arterial blood pressure
that is raised above 140/90 mm Hg (systolic/ diastolic BP
). Hypertension can be classified into Secondary hypertension and Essential hypertension. When specific cause is evident but heredity, and various physiological parameters play a role in increasing blood pressure
is known as Essential Hypertension. Secondary Hypertension is one where the cause is known. According to WHO guidelines between 2006 and 2015, deaths due to cardiovascular diseases are expected to increase by 17% while the deaths from infectious diseases, nutritional deficiencies, maternal and prenatal conditions are projected to decline by 3%. The main causes of hypertension includes the age ,hereditary, gender, extra weight, alcohol consumption, stress life, lazy life etc. Factors That Influence Disease Essay
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Heart disease or coronary heart disease (CHD) is mainly caused by Atherosclerosis.Factors That Influence Disease Essay This occurs when the inner lining of your artery walls becomes furred with a thick, atheroma which is made up of fatty deposits of cholesterol, cell waste and other substances. These form raised patches on the artery wall known as ‘plaques’ which narrow the arteries reducing the space through which blood can flow. At the same time the blood becomes more prone to clotting.
The growing plaques may block the delivery of nutrients to the artery walls, causing them to lose their elasticity. This in turn may lead to high blood pressure, which also increases the risk of coronary heart disease. …show more content…
If you are black or Asian you are more at risk of heart disease, although different underlying risk factors are at play for each group. If you are Asian you have a higher risk of developing diabetes, which is a risk factor for heart disease. If you are black you are more at risk of high blood pressure, a separate risk factor for heart disease.
If you have diabetes you are three times more like to develop coronary heart disease. You are also more likely to have silent ischemia because diabetes can affect the nerves which send pain messages.Factors That Influence Disease Essay