Epidemiology of Health and Illness

Epidemiology of Health and Illness.

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Community Health Planning

Implementation and evaluation

Read chapter 5, 7 and 8 of the class textbook and review the attached PowerPoint presentations.  Once done answer the following questions;

  1. Identify and discuss the epidemiological moles use to explain disease and health patterns in populations.
  2. Discuss how the use of epidemiological methods in primary, secondary and tertiary prevention.
  3. Describe and discuss the concept of “community as a client”.
  4. Discuss the nurse’s role in community education within the sociopolitical and cultural context.Epidemiology of Health and Illness

Please present your assignment following the syllabus instructions.  Word document, 12 Arial font attached to the forum in the discussion tab of the blackboard titled “Week 2 discussion questions”.  A minimum of 700 words is required (words on the first page and on the reference page does not count).  A minimum of two references (excluding the class textbook) no older than 5 years old is required.

The assignment also must be posted in Turnitin to verify originality.

Socioeconomic status of the person may point to their lifestyle, which in turn may predict their likelihood of developing cardiovascular diseases. The poor, for instance are likely to make wrong food choices that can predispose them to obesity and other lifestyle diseases. When determining the socioeconomic class, epidemiology studies looks at the person’s occupation, level of education, income and in some instances a combination of the above (Descriptive Epidemiology n.d).Epidemiology of Health and Illness Place Important characteristics in place include the understanding of infectious and chronic diseases, which reveal different patterns in countries. We can gain insight by comparing disease frequency in different countries as well as their rates within countries. Another important characteristic is the difference in disease prevalence in urban and rural settings. This can provide us with knowledge of comparison based locations, as well as explanation for disease variation. Time In epidemiology we are usually interested in the pattern of disease frequency. For example the occurrence of certain disease conditions like common cold may be due to fluctuation in weather. Other Epidemics have been known to occur at certain periods.

The sociological approaches focus on identifying the two sociological theories. We critically analysand the biomedical model and doctor patient relationship. We also evaluated how the medical professionals exercise social control and medical professional’s contribution to ill health. The difference between society and health is studied by sociologist in relation to health and illness. This also discusses health in relation to social institutions for example family, employment and school. However, health can be defined in a number of ways such as negative and positive.
The negative is where health is perceived to be the absence of disease or abnormalities in the body. This is similar to the positive
…show more content…Epidemiology of Health and Illness

However, it is difficult to think of society without rules in order to create guidelines to deal with deviant members, but there are other ways of social control in society. For example police, judicial system and schools. In addition the biomedical model has controlled the industrialized society by focusing on the cure for using the scientifically tested methods without concerns to the environmental and social factors. However, according to Jewson (1976) he states that there are three stages of biomedical model but the focus is on the two such as age and medicine. In the previous centuries doctors used to ask patients about their illness at home but today hospitals took over. This way the patients depends on the doctors knowledge and professionalism for help whereas the social model suggests that, it is social and environmental factors that makes the poor people more venerable to disease.
The biomedical model use advanced medicine to treat patient and this has helped to increase life expectancy of people. The medical professionals also have a high status based on their training, but the social models look beyond physical cause because it may allow religious beliefs to be used for treatment. However, social model will also provide holistic care for individuals because of treating the root cause, according to Taylor and Field (2007). He states that health is likely to improve if people change their living conditions and behaviour. Epidemiology of Health and Illness

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