TOXICOLGY

 

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Question 1

 

1.     

 

According to the textbook, benzene is an example of a:

 

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venom

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toxin

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toxicant

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poison

 

4 points  

 

Question 2

 

1.     

 

A Case-Control study is best defined as:

 

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the prevalence of a disease among one or more exposed groups.

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the incidence of a disease in one geographical area.

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individuals with a disease compared to individuals without the disease.

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the cohorts are identified based on past exposures.

 

4 points  

 

Question 3

 

1.     

 

The best definition of toxicology is the __________

 

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study of chemicals.

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study of the beneficial effects of chemical agents.

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study of cellular structure.

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study of the adverse effects of chemicals in biological systems.

 

4 points  

 

Question 4

 

1.     

 

Aflatoxin B is produced by __________ ,which causes liver necrosis and cancer.

 

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Aspergillus flavus

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Amanita phalloides

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Dichapetalum cymosum

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Pyrethrum cinariaefolium

 

4 points  

 

Question 5

 

1.     

 

The spillage of __________ in Minamata Bay, Japan resulted in a severe nervous system dysfunction for individuals who consumed fish from the bay.

 

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mercury

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brass

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magnesium

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zinc

 

4 points  

 

Question 6

 

1.     

 

Which individual is attributed to writing the first comprehensive book in occupational medicine?

 

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Paracelsus

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Socrates

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Ramazzini

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Maimonides

 

4 points  

 

Question 7

 

1.     

 

Who created a poisonous concoction containing arsenic?

 

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Ramazzini

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Giulia Toffana

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Alice Hamilton

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Paracelsus

 

4 points  

 

Question 8

 

1.     

 

What chemicals used in lumber resulted in the name “Toxic Playgrounds”?

 

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copper and hexavalent chromium

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arsenic and creosote

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methyl bromide and copper

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arsenic and hexavalent chromium

 

4 points  

 

Question 9

 

1.     

 

Where was the location of one of the largest industrial disasters involving methyl isocyanate?

 

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India

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Nepal

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Israel

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Pakistan

 

4 points  

 

Question 10

 

1.     

 

Who wrote the book, Exploring the Dangerous Trades about the history of medical and occupational toxicology?

 

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Bernardo Ramazzini

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Alice Hamilton

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Percival Pott

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Mathieu Orfila

 

 

 

Question 11

 

1.     

 

Describe the contributions to toxicology that were made by early toxicologists. Be specific and include examples.

Your response should between 200-250 words in length, as source material for your response. All sources used, must be referenced; paraphrased and quoted material must have accompanying citations.

 

Question 12

 

1.     

 

Identify the types of epidemiology studies that are used to prove that a given substance resulted in changes in human health.

 

Your response should between 200-250 words in length, as source material for your response. All sources used, must be referenced; paraphrased and quoted material must have accompanying citations.

 

 

 

 

 

Question 13

 

1.     

 

In the absence of epidemiological studies, how would you make recommendations to control exposures to workers and the environment? Be specific and provide examples.

 

Your response should between 200-250 words in length, as source material for your response. All sources used, must be referenced; paraphrased and quoted material must have accompanying citations.

 

 

 

Question 14

 

 

 

 Discuss some of the key points in history related to the development of the science of toxicology. How does this important field of study help the safety and health professional in doing his or her job?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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