Decreasing Stress Rates

A plan must be developed, goals and objectives must be made, and resistance must be handled as soon as it occurs, appropriate strategies must be developed, and finally the changes must be implemented (Marquis and Huston, 2015). The changes have to be monitored to gather information about the effectiveness and to determine if the employees are using the resources provided for them. The budget analyzer can compare the costs of using temporary staff vs using float RN. Administration and management will need to monitor improvements and setbacks during the entire year. This would have to be done long enough to determine if more money is saved from less errors and injuries or more money spent on the use of temporary staff and staff incentives. Constant feedback must occur for the changes to be successful. It’s important to know what is and what isn’t working. These changes will need a time period of at least a year so that the information can be compared to the previous year.Decreasing Stress Rates And Burnout In Nursing Staff Essay

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Prevention of burnout among nursing staff: A literature review
Year 2018 Pages 40
Community nursing is associated with stress and burnout, which can impact heavily on the
individuals and organizations. These impacts can be both economically and also the negatives
effects on the quality of patient care. The purpose of this thesis is to provide evidence based
information about prevention of burnout among nurses. This thesis aimed to review what
kinds of interventions are needed to be done by nurses and organizations to prevent this
phenomenon among nurses in order to reduce the prevalence of this syndrome among health
care professionals and its consequences.
The research method that was used in this thesis is literature review. Data were collected from
academic nursing data bases including CINAHL (EBSCO), ProQuest, PubMed Central and
ScienceDirect. After using thesis search words in advance search machine of these databases
considering some inclusion and exclusion criteria, 44 articles were achieved. 11 out of these 44
articles were chosen to be reviewed in this thesis based on their title, abstract and full text.
Collected data were analysed using inductive content analysis method. The findings were
categorized in four major themes considering the party that should implement those measures
for preventing burnout in nurses. These parties consist of workplace, nurses as a community in
the ward, and nurses as individuals. Various methods have been found to be efficient in
preventing this phenomenon among nurses.
Since in collecting the data for this thesis there was no locational limitation, the data that were
used, were from different parts of the world with different working conditions, cultures, and
resources. The authors recommend further researches to evaluate the efficiency of suggested
methods among Finnish nurses Decreasing Stress Rates And Burnout In Nursing Staff Essay

Priscilla Holdren, Marshall University
David P. Paul, III, Monmouth University
Alberto Coustasse, Marshall University
Burnout is a state of mental, physical and emotional stress resulting in a chronic state of pressure or stress at
work and is associated with individuals who do “people work” (Aiken and Sloane, 1997), a category into which
nurses obviously fall. The number of nurses suffering from burnout has increased over the years, possibly causing
negative effects on patient care, working environments and staffing shortages.
Hospitals should focus on creating a healthy work environment in which nurses feel supported by their
coworkers and management. Hospitals should also make available stress management programs that address
symptoms of burnout and assure safe nurse staffing patterns are in place. A decrease in nurses’ perceived burnout
could potentially help to decrease the national nursing shortage and help hospitals eliminate costly expenses in
recruiting nursing staff. Lower patient to nurse ratios, a better work environment created by better management,
higher pay and shorter working shifts would all make the nursing field more desirable and attract more people to
train in the field.
The American psychologist, Herbert Freudenberger, first used the term “burnout” in the 1970s to describe
the result of unyielding stress and high standards experienced by people working in “helping” occupations, such as
nursing (IQWiG, 2013). The three main symptoms considered to be signs of Burnout Syndrome are emotional
exhaustion, alienation from job-related activities and reduced work performance (Poncet et al., 2007). Nurses Decreasing Stress Rates And Burnout In Nursing Staff Essay
experiencing emotional exhaustion feel depleted, overworked and lethargic. Alienation from job-related activities
has included emotional separation from work responsibilities, dissociation from coworkers and pessimistic attitudes
toward the work environment (Jennings, 2008). Burnout can affect daily tasks at work, home and when caring for
family. Nurses with Burnout Syndrome view responsibilities negatively, find it difficult to work and have an
absence of innovation, causing an overall reduced performance with all daily responsibilities (IQWiG, 2013).
Nursing has been one of the fastest growing professions for the past 20 years and is projected to keep growing 19%
faster than all other occupations at least until the year 2022 (Health Guide USA, 2012). Baby boomers will
contribute to this growth because of aging and retirement, leading to the need for more medical care (Health Guide
USA, 2012). In the 2000 census, the United States population qualified for Medicare totaled 35.1 million. By 2030,
the same population is estimated to increase to 69.7 million and by 2050 to 81.9 million (U.S Census Bureau, 2000).
The number of nurses suffering from Burnout Syndrome has risen over the years due to several factors.
Burnout Syndrome in nurses has been shown to increase about 23% for each additional patient added to the nurse’s
shift workload (Blakeney, 2003). Many nurses are required to work mandatory overtime and also noted that they
may not have a choice when asked to work voluntary overtime (Rogers et al., 2004). In 2007, an estimated 500,000
RNs in the U.S. alone were not practicing in their profession because of challenging working conditions caused by
long working hours and limited staffing (Herbst, 2007). Burnout Syndrome has affected 49% of Registered Nurses
(RNs) under the age of 30and 40% of RNs over 30 (Aiken et al., 2001). Symptoms from Burnout Syndrome have
possibly caused negative effects on patient care, working environment and staffing shortages (Jennings, 2008).
The hospital nurse workforce is experiencing increased workloads due at least in part to a national nurse
shortage, suspected to be caused by nurses leaving the profession because of experiencing Burnout Syndrome.
Higher nurse workloads (a ratio of one nurse to eight patients at worst) have been related to Burnout Syndrome and
more than 40% of hospital staff nurses score in the high range for job-related burnout, with more than one in five
hospital staff nurses reporting that they intend to leave their hospital jobs within one year (Aiken et al., 2001).
Research on Burnout Syndrome in hospital nurses has also indicated that stressors in the work environment are key
elements of Burnout Syndrome, which consequentially are contributing to the nursing shortage by nurses voluntarily
leaving their positions (Applebaum et al., 2010).Decreasing Stress Rates And Burnout In Nursing Staff Essay
The purpose of this research was to analyze the effects of the Burnout Syndrome of hospital nurses to
determine the relationship with the nursing shortage experienced nationwide.
The working hypothesis was that a poor work environment caused by insufficient staffing of nurses and
higher nurse-to-patient ratios in the hospital setting will have greater impacts on nurses suffering from Burnout
Syndrome, which will negatively contribute to the staffing shortage. The second working hypothesis was that
nurses suffering from Burnout Syndrome will be more costly to hospitals because of recruiting new staff due to the
turnover rate.
The methodology for this study of Burnout Syndrome in Hospital Nurses was performed following the
steps of a literature review supported with a semi-structured interview from an experienced RN of 12 years, M.
Nance (in results see: Questions asked in semi-structured interview of Burnout Syndrome in Hospital Nurses ). This
interview was tape recorded and only pertinent answers were used to validate the data encountered in the literature
review to offer a more comprehensive overview of Burnout Syndrome and its effects. The research method
followed was conceptual framework in Figure 1 below, which illustrates the needs caused by Burnout Syndrome in
Hospital Nurses. First, the research conducted recognized the needs caused by Burnout Syndrome and examines the
benefits and barriers created by those needs. Second, different resolutions can be determined to define possible
outcomes from the created needs. Finally, as a result of analyzing the literature, the benefits and barriers of Burnout
Syndrome can be identified.
Figure 1: Conceptual Framework
Nursing Burnout Syndrome Creates Needs
The study was conducted in three stages: (1) Identifying the literature and collecting data, (2) evaluating the
analyzed literature obtained and (3) categorizing the literature.
Step 1: Literature Identification and Collection
The key terms “Burnout Syndrome” and “Hospital or Nurses” and “RN or Register Nurse” were used to
search for articles in online scholarly databases. Professional databases used in this study included PubMed,
Medline, ProQuest, EBSCO Host, the National Center for Biotechnology Information, the National Institutes of
Health and Google Scholar.Decreasing Stress Rates And Burnout In Nursing Staff Essay
Step 2: Literature Categorization
The literature categorization was performed reviewing a total of 111 sources. The abstracts of the articles
and the articles themselves were reviewed to determine the significance and applicability of the data to the current
study and organized accordingly. The results were obtained from only 36 articles. The selected journal articles,
web sites from various sources and the semi-structured interview, were used to demonstrate the different causes and
solutions to Nursing Burnout Syndrome in Hospital Nurses.
Step 3: Literature Analysis
During the literature analysis, literature was selected for review from the year 2000 to 2014, to keep this
study current. The publications selected were written in English. Primary and secondary data from the research

Nurses dedicate their professional lives to helping others. This care often impacts their personal lives and wellness. Most of the time, nurses would say it’s for the better – the field of nursing is extremely fulfilling. However, institutions are seeing increased reports of the opposite. Staff shortages, increased responsibilities, governmental regulations, and other job factors have contributed to nurse burnout and overall distress.Decreasing Stress Rates And Burnout In Nursing Staff Essay

Burnout, one of the six dimensions of distress, has many negative implications on both a personal and professional level. Professionally, burnout can hinder job performance, change how nurses view their role, and even put patients in danger. Personally, burnout affects demeanor, relationships, and overall quality of life.

This topic is taking over the healthcare industry and institutions are discovering the benefits and tactics behind measuring, monitoring, and taking the necessary steps to improve well-being. Decreasing Stress Rates And Burnout In Nursing Staff Essay

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