Question 1 of 20
How many officers did Sir Robert Peel hire when authorized by the Metropolitan Police Act to create a police force?
A. 50
B. 500
C. 1,000
D. 5,000
Question 2 of 20
What year marks the beginning of organized, paid, civilian policing?
A. 1612
B. 1829
C. 1841
D. 1930
Question 3 of 20
The police are part of the:
A. executive branch of government.
B. legislative branch of government.
C. judicial branch of government.
D. None of the above
Question 4 of 20
Which of the following is a reason for the inevitability of police discretion?
A. Legislators pass some laws that they clearly do not intend to have strictly enforced all the time.
B. Police lack the determination necessary for full enforcement of the law.
C. People would bribe police officers to look the other way.
D. There are too many laws for police to keep track of.
Question 5 of 20
Which is NOT one of the Six Pillars of Character?
A. Trustworthiness
B. Respect
C. Responsibility
D. Self-centeredness
Question 6 of 20
Which category of activity accounted for the fewest police-citizen encounters in the Police Services Study?
A. Crime-related problems
B. Traffic-related matters
C. Disorder problems
D. Encounters of a service nature
Question 7 of 20
A public office is a __________ trust.
A. public
B. reciprocal
C. mutual
D. private
Question 8 of 20
All are principles of policing and police administration EXCEPT for which one?
A. Police are a general purpose agency providing a wide variety of services to the community.
B. Police must be guided by ethical and legal standards.
C. Law enforcement is not an objective of policing but one method of protecting life and property to maintain order.
D. None of the above
Question 9 of 20
Strong criticism of the view that police work was undemanding did not emerge until:
A. the 1930s.
B. the beginning of the 20th century.
C. the early 1970s.
D. 1966.
Question 10 of 20
Among the following police actions, which was the most common in the Police Services study?
A. Gave medical help
B. Gave a ticket
C. Interrogated a suspect
D. Made an arrest
Question 11 of 20
Which is NOT one of the three approaches to handling ethical dilemmas?
A. Neglect – or the absence of any formal ethical programs
B. Compliance-based programs
C. Values-oriented programs
D. Financially based programs
Question 12 of 20
__________ is the distinguishing character, moral nature, or guiding beliefs of a person, group, or institution.
A. Pathos
B. Ethos
C. Honor
D. Accountability
Question 13 of 20
Good employers are always:
A. religious.
B. compliant.
C. ethical.
D. frugal.
Question 14 of 20
“It’s just a technicality” and “It’s not illegal” are two examples of what ethical-wrongdoing category?
A. Denying or trivializing its significance
B. Invoking the double standard
C. Professing ignorance
D. Arguing necessity
Question 15 of 20
Which category of activity accounted for the most police-citizen encounters in the Police Services Study?
A. Traffic-related
B. Crime-related
C. Encounters of a service nature
D. Disorder problems
Question 16 of 20
The first police were much more significantly engaged in __________ than in __________.
A. drug law enforcement; undercover work
B. necessary paperwork; crime investigation
C. maintaining order; crime investigation
D. crime investigation; maintaining order
Question 17 of 20
Which were among the duties performed by the police in the 1800s?
A. Watching for fires
B. Controlling riots, disturbances, and crowds
C. Inspecting businesses, taverns, and lodging houses
D. All of the above
Question 18 of 20
The foundation of Sir Robert Peel’s approach to police administration is in his first two principles; first, that the police should be organized along military lines, and, second, that:
A. police should be well-paid.
B. police record keeping is very important.
C. police headquarters should be in an accessible location.
D. securing and training proper persons is essential. Reset Selection
Question 19 of 20
Stringent personnel standards in the early days of American policing were subverted by the influence of:
A. local politics.
B. dishonest applicants.
C. alcohol.
D. None of the above
Question 20 of 20
The Police Services Study revealed that five of the six most common actions taken by officers consisted entirely of __________ and __________.
A. physical force; threatening
B. writing tickets; gesturing
C. talking; listening
D. patting down; arresting……

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