Biomedical Ethics Assignment Paper

In this diverse society we are confronted everyday with so many ethical choices in provision of healthcare for individuals. It becomes very difficult to find a guideline that would include a border perspective which might include individual’s beliefs and preference across the world. Due to these controversies, the four principles in biomedical ethic which includes autonomy, beneficence, non-maleficence and justice help us understand and explain which medical practices are ethical and acceptable. These principles are not only used to protect the rights of a patient but also the physician from being violated. The principle of autonomy states, that an individual’s decision must be respected in all cases, also an individual can act freely in…show more content…Biomedical Ethics Assignment Paper
According to the principle of non-maleficence, “one ought not to inflict evil or harm to another and also ought to prevent evil or harm”. This means that it is the job of health care providers is to keep patients from cause harm to themselves According to Beauchamp el.al “obligations not to harm others are sometimes more stringent than obligations to help them.”Biomedical Ethics Assignment Paper For example in a case where a minor went to the hospital for checkup and then finds out that she is pregnant and does not want her mother to find out about her pregnancy. This is because she fears that her mother would pressure her to get an abortion. The patient already knew that her mother was suspicious and recognized that the discussion was both necessary and appropriate. She wants the physician to help her speak with her mother. In this case the pregnant minor wants to keep her baby but the mother of the minor wants her to abort the baby. In this situation a health care provider should help the pregnant by not going against the principles of non-maleficence in other to prevent cause of harm for the minor and the baby, the physician should help talk to the minor mother and reason with her so she could help change her mind and be in support of her daughter. Aborting the baby might inflict harm on the minor. In this case, the physician should do what is best for the minor since it is a physician’s job to restrain harm from patients. Biomedical Ethics Assignment Paper

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The controversy within the biomedical ethics topic, abortion, has two main proponents. The first, is the view against abortion, also known as pro-life. The other view, is rooted upon the belief of being pro-choice, or basically for abortions. These two different views are like two mathematical principles, in that although these two views have many differences, they also have larger similarities in the background. For example, when pro-choice activists support abortions due to unwanted pregnancies, the activists are not rallying behind the idea of sexual incompetency (pregnancies due to lack of birth control).Biomedical Ethics Assignment Paper Rather, they are supporting the idea that women have the right to choose what to do with their own bodies. In order to understand these opposing views, justifications and condemnations, on abortion, it can basically be divided into three categories. These categories are based upon the reasons for which abortions are carried out, and include congenital defects, rape, and economics. Congenital defects, is when deformities within the baby are detected during an early stage of a pregnancy . These defects, such as Down’s syndrome, are detected through an amniocentesis test. The second justification for abortion is from criminal cases, such as rape . A final reason for an abortion, is due to economics, the financial condition, of a family. Economics can also include cases such as teen pregnancies. .Biomedical Ethics Assignment Paper
The anti-abortionists have numerous reasons for their beliefs, and many of them are attached to their religion ideals. Religious ideals, range from having an abortion before 120 days after the pregnancy, as in Islam, to considering it a sin to have an abortion, as in Christianity. However, the anti-abortionists” reasons also come from the belief that a human being is born after conception, and that the death of that embryo or fetus resembles the murder of an innocent human being . They believe that no one has the power to take command of another’s life, mainly an infant, that is dependent on others for survival during the initial stages of life.Biomedical Ethics Assignment Paper

 

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