Autism Spectrum Disorder Paper

Autism spectrum disorder has become the most common neurological and developmental disorder diagnosed in children today. The United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2012) estimate that 1 out of every 88 American children have been properly diagnosed. There is no known cure for autism, and the inconsistencies of the symptoms of autism in each case make it difficult to target a particular set of effective treatments. However some behavior management therapies, specifically physical therapy, may help to significantly control the unwanted symptoms in young children with autism spectrum disorder. Symptoms. Children begin showing symptoms of autism as early as twelve months of…show more content…
Finally, the third and broadest area of impairment is repetitive behaviors. Autistic children often exhibit some degree of a repetitive behavior that can range anywhere from mild to extreme. This can include a variety of actions such as constantly rocking back and forth, toe-walking, eye-rolling, spinning, and clapping.Autism Spectrum Disorder Paper The child could have set routines that they feel a need to obsessively follow every day. This can even take the form of an overly focused interest on something that the child enjoys such as science, music, or art. When these repetitive actions are observed in the child over long periods of time they are then referred to as “stereotype behaviors“. Diagnosis. The earliest indicators of autism are impairments of verbal and nonverbal communication. A child with autism will have difficulties responding to their name, smiling and making eye contact, babbling or cooing by twelve months, and using single or two word phrases by twenty-four months (NIMH, n.d.). A proper diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder is a two part process. The child is first given a general screening to check for developmental issues. If the child is not making satisfactory developmental progress according to his or her age group, the child would be referred for additional screening. At this stage, the child will need to be screened to check for specific symptoms of autism.
Autism or autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is behavioral and social communication impairment. It is a broad-based neurodevelopment or brain-based disorder that is the result of genetic events that occur prior to birth with widespread effects on cognitive and socio-emotional development (Geschwind, 2009).

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Scientist’s aren’t certain about what causes autism, but it’s generally accepted that it is caused by abnormalities in brain structure or function, genetics/heredity, or environmental factors.Autism Spectrum Disorder Paper Studies have found several irregularities in many regions of the brain, and abnormal levels of serotonin and other neurotransmitters in the brain. According to the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) autism can result …show more content…

The National Alliance for Autism Research (NAAR) Autism Genome Project have discovered irregularities in the corpus callosum (which affects communication between the left hemisphere and the right hemisphere of the brain), the cerebellum (which affects coordination, balance, and motor activity), and an enlarged amygdala. The amygdala plays an important role in emotion and social behavior by linking perceptual representations to cognition and behavior on the basis of the emotional or social value of the stimuli (Baron-Cohen, et, al, 2000). Recent evidence suggests that people with autism have abnormalities in the amygdala. This accounts for their inability to recognize fearful situations. Scientists at the NAAR have also discovered imbalances in the serotonin (which plays a role in behavior and emotions), and the glutamate (which consists of neuron activity). Synaptic connections between neurons are believed to be altered in the autistic brain. There may be too many or too few, too strong or too weak, or the synapses may even occur in the wrong place.Autism Spectrum Disorder Paper This balance between excitatory and inhibitory synapses could be abnormal for establishing critical periods.
Autism is a complex neurological disorder. Most people don’t even know there child has autism unless they are tested, and it may or may not be noticed infancy. For instance, from Asperger’s to low functioning Autism, Autism remains one of the most mysterious and growing disorders existent. Scientists don’t know why or the exact causes of autism spectrum disorder (ASD), but most researchers suggest that both genes and environment play very important roles. In most of the studies done by many scientist measuring autism spectrum disorder (ASD) prevalence, the number of children that could be affected by ASD over a given time period, comes with many reports that have varies results, depending on when and where the studies were conducted and how the many studies defined ASD. Through diagnosis of either Autism, Asperger’s Disorder is on the increase, although it is unclear whether it is more prevalent or whether more professionals are detecting it.Autism Spectrum Disorder PaperThere can be many signs and symptoms for Autism and Asperger’s Disorder are the same listed in the DSM-IV, however, children with AS do not have delays in the area of communication and language.
The medical community is still trying to unravel many of the autism’s mystery. How much do you know about the disorders? In neuropsychiatric disorders, are coexisting disorders (called comorbidity) are the rules rather the exception. This is why it is so true in autism as well. Many patients with autism, in addition to the three main cores symptoms are the domains, and have a number of associated symptoms. People that are diagnoses with Autism, Asperger’s or any of these mysteries mental disorders, come in many sort of different flavors, and they are a sort of a mix and match of different kind of symptoms. Autism Spectrum Disorder Paper

 

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