Anxiety Disorders Essay Example

After reading the three scenarios about anxiety-based disorders, your assignment is to provide a diagnosis for each scenario along with a brief (one paragraph) explanation for each diagnosis. You do not have to provide a complete, five-axis diagnosis for each scenario; rather, simply name the disorder and write your explanation as to why this may be the correct diagnosis.

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Scenario 1 – Brandy

Brandy is a woman in her middle thirties who works as a sales representative for a large company. Brandy’s father died about three months ago from a heart attack. Brandy’s father’s death was very sudden and unexpected and she has been having a very hard time coping with her feelings of loss. About a week ago, Brandy was at work and suddenly felt extremely anxious. Her heart seemed to be pounding in her chest and she was unable to catch her breath. She became terribly worried that she was having a heart attack or that she was losing her mind. The experience lasted a few minutes and then quickly subsided.Anxiety Disorders Essay Example

Following this experience, Brandy felt extremely worried that it would happen again. The next morning, Brandy woke up and once again experienced intense feelings of terror and a worry that she was having a heart attack. She called 911 and paramedics were rushed to her apartment. Brandy was brought to the hospital and, following a comprehensive examination, was told that she was in good health and did not have a heart attack.Brandy continued to experience further episodes where she felt terrified that she was having a heart attack. Her worries about these experiences began to severely interfere with her work and social life and she was referred to a psychologist for help.What psychological disorder do you think best fits the particular difficulties that Brandy is experiencing and why?

Scenario 2 – Jerry

Jerry is a man in his early twenties who has recently graduated from college. He is not sure what he wants to do with his life and has began to feel increasingly worried and upset over how things are turning out for him. Jerry has recently entered into individual psychotherapy to help him with these difficulties.Anxiety Disorders Essay Example

In session, Jerry explains to his therapist that he often feels like he hates himself. He hates the way he looks and hates the fact that he is not as smart or witty as he wishes he were. He becomes very nervous in social situations. After he meets someone, he ruminates for hours about what he had said and how he had come across.

Jerry states that some morning he wakes up with no energy and he does not want to get out of bed. Other times, he feels so worried and on-edge that he cannot sit still. He will pace around his apartment and cannot stop thinking about worrisome things.What psychological disorder do you think best fits the particular difficulties that Jerry is experiencing and why?

Scenario 3 – Alexis

Alexis is a 12-year-old girl who lives with her mother and younger brother. About eight months ago, Alexis was riding on a school bus that was involved in a terrible accident. A truck lost control and crashed into the bus and three of Alexis’ classmates were killed in the accident. Alexis was uninjured.Anxiety Disorders Essay Example

Alexis experienced nightmares following the accident, but otherwise did not appear to be affected by the tragedy. Recently, however, Alexis has begun experiencing terrible night terrors and has become convinced that she is seeing ghosts. She tells her mother that, when she closes her eyes, she sees the faces of her classmates who were killed in the bus accident.

Alexis has also began having trouble going to school. She is anxious about leaving her mother and has huge temper tantrums when her mother tries to convince her that she has to go to school.

This paper is going to be about anxiety disorders. I am going to explain what anxiety is and the different types of anxiety disorders. The types of anxiety I am going to talk about are Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD), Post-Traumatic Stress, Panic Disorder and Social Phobia. Anxiety is a normal reaction to stress. It helps some one deal with a tense situation in the office, study harder for an exam, keep focused on an important speech. In general, it helps some one cope. But when anxiety becomes an excessive, irrational dread of everyday situations, it has become a disabling disorder. Anxiety disorders are serious medical illnesses that affect approximately 19 million American adults. These disorders fill people’s lives…show more content…Anxiety Disorders Essay Example
You may spend long periods touching things or counting. Most adults with this condition recognize that what they’re doing is senseless, but they can’t stop it. Some people, though, particularly children with OCD, may not realize that their behavior is out of the ordinary. Post-Traumatic Stress: PTSD affects about 5.2 million adult Americans. Women are more likely than men to develop this disorder. It can occur at any age, including childhood, and there is some evidence that shows PTSD may run in families. The disorder is often accompanied by depression, substance abuse, or one or more other anxiety disorders. PTSD is an anxiety disorder that can develop after exposure to a terrifying event in which grave physical harm occurred or was threatened. Traumatic events that may trigger this anxiety include violent personal assaults, natural or human-caused disasters, accidents, or military combat. People that suffer from PTSD have persistent frightening thoughts and memories of the frightening event and feel emotionally numb. This especially happens with people they were once close to.Anxiety Disorders Essay Example They may experience sleep problems, feel detached or numb, or be easily startled. Panic Disorder: Panic disorder affects about 2.4 million adult Americans. It is twice as common in women as in men. It most often begins during late adolescence or early adulthood. Risk of developing panic disorder appears to be inherited.

Anxiety is part of life; everyone feels it to one degree or another during their lives. However, when that feeling of anxiety starts to take over your life, or is persistent beyond a certain time in our lives (e.g. a speech in class) then a person may have an anxiety disorder. Anxiety disorders are characterized by extreme distress, persistent anxiety, or maladaptive behaviors that reduce anxiety.
There are four common types of anxiety disorders: Generalized anxiety disorder, Panic disorder, Phobias, and Obsessive-compulsive disorder. Each disorder is characterized by a set of common symptoms and can be caused by different things.

The Disorders
Generalized Anxiety Disorder
A generalized anxiety disorder is characterized by feelings of …show more content…

This extreme reaction is wat develops into a panic disorder.

Phobias
A phobia is a feeling of intense fear directed at a certain object, activity, or situation. Phobias are irrational fears that can disrupt a persons daily activities. Most people can accept and live with certain phobias but there are some that are incapacitating, such as fears of heights, of certain types of weather, of social situations, or of certain animal or insect life.Anxiety Disorders Essay Example

Obsessive-compulsive Disorder
An obsessive-compulsive disorder may at first seem to fit the entire population. At one time or another every single one of us finds ourselves obsessed with something, be it cleaning, rechecking locked doors, or organizing. However, an obsessive-compulsive disorder is characterized by taking those symptoms and pushing them to extremes. When obsessive thoughts and feelings become so persistent that they interfere in the way a person lives, then they may be an obsessive-compulsive disorder.Anxiety Disorders Essay Example

 

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