* If you predominantly work with a specific population and would like to present a relevant health risk seminar to that population, you must seek instructor approval in advance. Email your instructor through the Virtual Office.

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Choose a health risk associated with adolescence. Some categories to consider may include:
Suicide
Pregnancy
Substance use and abuse
Motor vehicle crashes
Tobacco use
Sexually transmitted disease
Domestic violence
Mental health issues
Eating disorders
Nutrition and fitness
As the health care advocate, you will present the following to the target audience (adolescents or young adults)in 10-15 slides or screens:
An overview of the risk factor
Contributing factors
Prevalence of the health risk (meaningful data)
Explain your role with the issue as a health care practitioner/advocate
Ways to identify a problem and address the issue
Present an activity or project or exercise for the audience to engage in related to the topic
Help and support resources
In your research materials, incorporate 3–4 current sources with one containing the most current statistics.
Use age-appropriate creativity to ensure the message gets across to the selected audience. As you plan your seminar, consider:
How will you initiate a conversation (rather than give a lecture)?
How will you keep the attention and respect of this audience?
Use APA for citing and referencing your sources.
Keep your design and audio appropriate to the audience, yet professional. Your presentation must include both audio and visual components and be professional in nature.
What is a seminar?Adolescent Health Risk Essay

See this week’s Resource folder for curriculum and topic ideas.

Review the rubric for further information on how your assignment will be graded.

The adolescence stage precedes adulthood. It can be defined as “a transitional stage of physical and mental human development generally occurring between puberty and adulthood, but largely characterized as beginning and ending with the teenage stage” (Jessor 12).

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Generally, puberty is linked with adolescence development. Nonetheless, the onset of puberty may appear in preadolescence especially among females. “Adolescence is characterized by a number of cognitive, emotional, physical and attitudinal changes, which can be a cause of conflict on one hand and positive personality development on the other” (Wolfe and Jaffe 34).

The environment in which adolescents operate has a significant impact on their psychological development. Psychologists contend that bad habits rarely occur among teenagers who interact properly with their parents.Adolescent Health Risk Essay

The adolescents usually face myriad development challenges that range from physical to psychological. For instance, they are usually tempted to indulge in risky activities that may interfere with their normal development. It has also been identified that many risky habits that advance in adulthood like smoking normally begin at adolescence. It is in this context that various measures should be taken to mitigate risky conducts that are currently prevalent among the adolescents.

There is a common cliché that teenagers perceive themselves as immune and invulnerable to danger. “This cherished assumption about the adolescent mind is expressed as a truism in countless public health messages aimed at parents of teenagers, and underlies many efforts to educate young people about their risks” (Johnson 67).

Scientific data on youth’s behavior indicates that most of them know that they are vulnerable to various risks. For instance, many adolescent girls know that they are likely to get premarital pregnancies if they are not careful about their sexual activities.

Elaborate studies on the nature of adolescent’s risk taking shows that most of them make rational assumptions when making choices. However, they do not choose to take risks based on a conviction that they are not vulnerable. “Even if adolescents take risks, they mentally weigh them against perceived benefits” (Santrock 267).Adolescent Health Risk Essay

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Psychologists contend that individuals’ experiences can be represented by specific mental processes. For instance, the brain has the capacity to encode, keep and memorize our experiences. Risk taking action may be based on one or a combination of the mind processing mechanisms.

“According to fuzzy-trace theory, developed by Reyna and her colleague Dr. Charles Brainerd, one of these dual paths to processing risk judgments is highly deliberative and oriented towards facts and details” (Gruber 109). Adolescents are usually guided by this kind of thinking when they choose what to do.

The other process leading to risky judgments involves failing to consider details and focusing much on the general meaning of an incident. This is an intuitive kind of reasoning and it is dependant on emotional reactions. Moreover, it depends on situational cues and it is so categorical.

Life experience and advanced age enables people to employ the gist-based process when they choose what to do. “The tendency toward gist-based reasoning also characterizes relatively expert decision makers in skilled fields such as medicine” (Santrock 345). For example, experienced physicians rarely examine the nature of a scenario, but they are guided by their intuition.

They also tend to be more precise in making decisions as compared to their junior colleagues. Therefore, gist based type of interpretation enables one to come up with better and more reliable choices. “The brain areas that quickly grasp the gist of situations and regulate judgments develop during the teenage years, and do not reach full maturity until the early to mid twenties for most people” (Jessor 125). As such, adolescents can not easily come up with concrete decisions.Adolescent Health Risk Essay

Two conclusions can be made for the analysis of risky habits among adolescents. Feeding the teenagers with a lot of facts is not a viable way of helping them develop sound decisions that will enable them to adopt better actions.

Instead, it will facilitate riskier ways of reasoning. “Interventions to be used in this process should enhance categorical thinking concerning the risk” (Jessor 138). Such interventions are also supposed to be less deliberative.

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Due to the immature nature of adolescents’ brains, they should not be subjected to environments that can facilitate risky behavior. The society as a whole needs to consider the safety of teenagers. This implies that safety should not be treated as an individual’s responsibility. Interventions that encourage the youth to desist from engaging in risky activities is a significant aspect of a great dedication towards having a healthy and prosperous society. The following strategies can be used to prevent risky behavior.Adolescent Health Risk Essay

First, people should not presume that the youth believe that they are perpetual. Credible evidence based on risky behavior analysis depicts that the youth are conscious about the precarious nature of their environment. Moreover, they are not oblivious of the consequences that may possibly arise from risky conducts.

Secondly, adolescents should be guided appropriately so that they can perceive benefits from different perspectives. As such, adolescents will give risks less attention. “This implies that risks will have less appeal if young people perceive greater benefit from alternative, safer courses of action” (Johnson 49).

Positive images can be applied in the process of encouraging the youth to develop positive thinking and healthy activities. On the other hand, negative images are applicable when lessening risky activities. Analogies can also be effective in making the youth focus on categorical thinking that will enable them to stop risky behavior.

The youth can easily recognize potential hazards that can occur within their surroundings. Therefore, they can remain safe if they are sensitized early enough about them (Santrock 45). For example, risk alerts can be posted strategically in areas frequented by the youth. Parents should make risky substances inaccessible to the youth.Adolescent Health Risk Essay

For example, parents using drugs should avoid using them in the presence of their children. Proper supervision and guidance of young people is another mechanism for preventing risky activities. For example, the youth should be given counseling services that are geared towards modeling positive conduct among them. Topics on behavior can also be incorporated into the curriculum of various institutions.

This will make the youth to familiarize themselves with information based on developing good conduct. Last but more important, the “youth should be taught to avoid circumstances in which they will need to make an immediate risky choice” (Wolfe and Jaffe 156). For instance, night clubs and parties enhance the chances of the youth indulging in risky ventures.

The above discussion indicates that risky behavior is becoming more prevalent among teenagers. Such risky habits are likely to spiral out of control in the future, if decisive measures are not taken to curb them at present. Elaborate studies on the nature of adolescent’s risk taking behavior shows that most of them make rational assumptions when making choices (Santrock 56).
However, they do not choose to take risks based on a conviction that they are not vulnerable. Therefore, I contend that risky habits can be reduced considerably among teenagers if they receive proper information and guidance. A risky free environment should also be a concern of everyone.

During adolescence there is a high susceptibility to nutritional deficiencies and poor eating habits. This may lead to problems later on in life such as osteoporosis, obesity, hyperlipedemia, sexual maturation delays, and final adult height. The development of eating disorders is also prominent during this time. Adolescent Health Risk Essay
Adolescents require extra nutrients due to a growth spurt, which girls experience during the ages of 10 or 11, reaches its peak at age 12 and is completed by about age 15. In boys, it begins at 12 or 13 years of age, peaks at age 14 and ends by about age 19. Adequate amounts of iron and calcium are important as the adolescent body undergoes the growth period. At the ages of 9 to 18 years, both males and females are encouraged to…show more content…
Many adolescents experience an increase in appetite and need healthy foods to meet their growth needs. Adolescents tend to eat more meals away from home than younger children. Meal convenience is important to many adolescents and they may be eating too much of the wrong types of foods. By setting a good example you can promote good nutrition in an adolescents diet. Healthy eating habits and regular exercise should be a regular part of your family’s life. It is much easier if everyone in the house follows these guidelines, than if the child has to do it alone. You should also buy low-calorie and low fat meals, snacks and desserts, low fat or skim milk and diet drinks. Avoid buying high calorie desserts or snacks, such as snack chips, regular soft drinks or regular ice cream. The Food Pyramid shows a range of servings for each food group. How much you actually eat depends on your age and activity level. Teenage boys who are active require about 2800 calories and should eat the highest range of servings. Teenage girls who are active require about 2200 calories and should eat servings in the middle of the range of servings. Adolescents who are overweight and dieting should at least eat the lowest range of servings. When determining how many servings to eat, it is important to look at the serving size. Larger portions should count as more than one serving, and smaller portions will count as only a part of a serving. During the adolescent stage in a

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In today’s modern world, it is extremely common for teenagers, between the ages of 13 to 17, to have some sort of online profile with popular websites like Facebook, Myspace, and Twitter. Many of them update their status at twice once a day, sharing life events with friends, and family abroad, and have on average, 150 friends linked to their online profile. However, there is a darker side to the social networking hype, our teenagers health, friendships, and relationships are at stake. Too much time on these popular social networks can be dangerous to our youth’s health mentally, and physically.Adolescent Health Risk Essay

One such health risk comes from a term known as hyper networking. Hyper networking is a condition in which a person binges on modern communication technologies such as cell phone texting and social networking. The American Public Health Association conducted a survey in what they called a “typical Midwestern county” and found that 1 in 5 teens engaged in hyper texting, defined by sending over 120 text messages per school day. Even more so, they study found that ‘hyper-texters’ were 40 times more likely to try cigarettes, twice as likely to have tried alcohol, twice as likely to have had sex, and three times more likely to have had more then 4 partners. However, these gut wrenching findings do not stop there. Teens that spend more then 3 hours per school day are more likely to use illegal drugs, have poorer academic grades, and even suicide due to depression.

The purpose of this essay is to explore confidentiality issues in regards to adolescents. Adolescent confidentiality is becoming a growing issue in healthcare as teens are engaging in a variety of health risk behaviours that should be known to their health care providers. We realize that in spite of teens independence they are less willing to share personal information if they think their parents will learn of such behaviours. Such issues usually stem from the fact that adolescents are legally minors, but they feel they should not be deemed so. I will attempt to explore if health care providers are legally bound to their obligation to discuss health information with a teens parents, or are we ethically bound to allow autonomy of a maturing youth? .Adolescent Health Risk Essay
To begin I feel it worthy to give a definition of confidentiality in health care settings. “Confidentiality in a health care setting is defined as an agreement between patient and provider that information discussed during or after the encounter will not be shared with other parties without the explicit permission of the patient- (Sigman, G., Silber, T., Enlish, A., Gans, J., 1997, p. 409). Why is an adult of eighteen years any different than a child of seventeen? How can a mother of sixteen able to birth her child and make health care decisions for that child but not for themselves? . The purpose of this essay is to explore confidentiality issues in regards to adolescents. Adolescent confidentiality is becoming a growing issue in healthcare as teens are engaging in a variety of health risk behaviours that should be known to their health care providers. We realize that in spite of teens independence they are less willing to share personal information if they think their parents will learn of such behaviours. Such issues usually stem from the fact that adolescents are legally minors, but they feel they should not be deemed so. I will attempt to explore if health care providers are legally bound to their obligation to discuss health information with a teens parents, or are we ethically bound to allow autonomy of a maturing youth? .Adolescent Health Risk Essay
To begin I feel it worthy to give a definition of confidentiality in health care settings. “Confidentiality in a health care setting is defined as an agreement between patient and provider that information discussed during or after the encounter will not be shared with other parties without the explicit permission of the patient- (Sigman, G., Silber, T., Enlish, A., Gans, J., 1997, p. 409). Why is an adult of eighteen years any different than a child of seventeen? How can a mother of sixteen able to birth her child and make health care decisions for that child but not for themselves? .
To answer such questions, I believe it is important to take note where adolescents are in terms of development. The famous psychoanalyst, Erik Erikson describes 8 stages of psychosocial development. He implies there are goals that an adolescent needs to meet in order to continue successfully into adulthood. The two goals for the adolescent period are developing a sense of identity, separate from one’s parents; as well as learning how to establish relationships with others (Du Gas, B.W., Esson, L., Ronaldson, S. , 1999). By denying autonomy are we not denying successful passage into adulthood? We should embrace teens throughout adulthood not constrain them and tie them to our shirt tails.
To answer such questions, I believe it is important to take note where adolescents are in terms of development. The famous psychoanalyst, Erik Erikson describes 8 stages of psychosocial development. He implies there are goals that an adolescent needs to meet in order to continue successfully into adulthood. The two goals for the adolescent period are developing a sense of identity, separate from one’s parents; as well as learning how to establish relationships with others (Du Gas, B.W., Esson, L., Ronaldson, S. , 1999). By denying autonomy are we not denying successful passage into adulthood? We should embrace teens throughout adulthood not constrain them and tie them to our shirt tails.

Risk Taking Behaviors in Adolescence The prevalence of risk taking in adolescence tells us that risky behavior is a usual aspect of the adolescent life experience. Some risk taking looks like to be normal behavior for the young people. This is a very important factor to be considered by teachers in their pedagogic work. Taking risks appears to be a way of gaining self-understanding. And it does not matter whether it is an attempt to master things or testing some limitation or boundaries.Adolescent Health Risk Essay

The main developmental tasks of adolescence are about forming an identity and developing autonomy. Although, according to the article, adolescents take a disproportionate number of risks compared to any other population, there is no evidence that most young people really try to harm themselves or others. Such behavior sometimes looks irrational, but it is rational for adolescents. Nevertheless, risk taking itself dangerous and can lead to grievous consequences.

As the frequency of risk taking increases, it does not serves a positive developmental purpose and becomes a real problem. The article illustrates that the most problematic cases are conjunctions of risks such as sexual activity without contraception. Indeed, there is strong evidence that risk taking behaviors co-occur, taking place in a variety of domains (Irwin & Millstein, 1991). Although some risk taking behaviors are not socially favored, such as extreme sports, a challenge lies in distinguishing between those behaviors which are health-enhancing and health-compromising.

Healthy risk-taking is a positive instrument in an adolescent’s life for discovering and developing his or her identity. Risk taking only becomes negative when the risk is dangerous. Healthy risks are usually perceived as challenges. But they can turn unhealthy in any time without internal control or without adult guidance. I think healthy adolescent risk needs to have a positive impact on an adolescent’s development. Young people have to participate in sports.Adolescent Health Risk Essay

It can be a lot of more things that adolescents can do, like: travel, take active part in school life or make contributions to the family or community. Teachers and parents must support children with their beginnings. Negative risk taking behavior includes drinking, smoking, reckless driving, disordered eating, stealing, gang activity, and others. Unhealthy adolescent risk taking can be described as a rebellion. It can take the form of anger and be aimed at parents. However, risk taking, whether healthy or unhealthy, is simply part of a teen’s struggle to test out an identity by providing self-definition and separation from others, including parents. (Irwin & Millstein, 1991).

Adolescents who initiate health-risk behaviors such as sexual intercourse and involvement with drugs at an early age frequently have poorer health later on in life, lower educational attainment, and less economic productivity than their peers. Early initiation of these behaviors is associated with longer periods of risk taking in later adolescence and early adulthood and also may be a marker for risk taking in adulthood. (Harris, Duncan & Boisjoly: 2002). Sexual experience, and particularly the age at first intercourse, represent critical indicators of the risk of pregnancy and sexually transmitted diseases. Because sexual intercourse during the teen years is often unplanned, it is often unprotected by contraception.

Violence among youth is growing more rapidly than in any other subgroup. Between 1985 and 1994, the number of persons arrested for murder and non negligent manslaughter increased by 150 % for persons under 18 years of age in comparison to only 11. 2 % for persons 18 years of age and older. (Harris, Duncan & Boisjoly: 2002). An understanding of the meaning of risk taking in the adolescent culture, from the adolescent perspective, is essential to successful prevention of health-compromising risk behavior. It also an understanding of healthy adolescent development. Adolescents take risks for many reasons: in defiance of authority, as a transforming experience, and to define relationships with others. Sharing risks resulted in cohesion, trust, and greater closeness with peers.

Since risks were found to vary according to different peer groups, risk taking becomes a badge of social identity. In addition, adolescents believe there is a social expectation for them to take risks. Although risks are understood to hold a high potential for harm or loss, they also are considered to hold potential for growth opportunity. (Lightfoot, 1997). Adolescent risk taking can also be described as an attempt to gain personal control over the environment. As adults keep the environment, adolescents do not see sufficient important roles for themselves in society. In this occasion, teachers carry a very important and difficult role.Adolescent Health Risk Essay

They have to guide their student and, at the same time, the must not violate freedom of chose. I think adolescents have to look to their parents for advice and ask how to assess positive and negative risks. Teachers at school also have to express understanding and provide support if asked. Teachers also have to pay much attention to the variety of factors that influence adolescents behavior described in the article.

Financial ability of the family to provide appropriate education, future expectations and state of health appear to be essential for the chose of behavior for the young people. Such conditions lead to nothing to lose behavior and result in grave consequences. Parents need to help their teens learn how to evaluate risks and anticipate the consequences of their choices, and develop strategy to direct children energy into healthy ways. The understanding of reasons for taking risks can help teachers direct their students on their way of life. The understanding helps teachers speak in the same language with the adolescents. And speaking the same language eases education process and help children escape many problems.Adolescent Health Risk Essay

It is important to say that we learn assess risks throughout our lives. Adolescents need both support and tools to be able to do this. In order to undertake healthy alternatives to dangerous risk taking, adolescents need the active help and support of the adults in their lives, including parents and teachers. Bibliography: Irwin, C. , & Millstein, S. Correlates and predictors of risk-taking behavior during adolescence. Adolescent Health Risk Essay

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